How will climate change impact food security?
Climate change threatens human security and well-being, emerging as a major policy issue in most countries. Adapting to the impacts of climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions are key challenges. They demand urgent action, including the design and implementation of policies addressing these challenges. Food and agricultural systems are main source of greenhouse gases in developing countries. Sustainable development of food and agricultural systems in these countries thus has an important role to play in addressing climate change.
This is why the FAO Economics and Policy Innovations for Climate-Smart Agriculture (EPIC) programme, in partnership with the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) have hosted a series of Participatory Scenario Building Workshops aimed to examine the interrelations between future socio-economic and climate change issues. Scenarios are strategic tools that allow leaders to take into consideration various plausible futures in development planning.
The workshops brought together national policy-makers, agricultural and climate change researchers, representatives of the civil society to develop in a participatory manner policy and investment options for Climate-Smart Agriculture. During this exercise, participants went through a review of possible future scenarios informed by the economic and policy research and analysis produced by EPIC and using techniques such as visioning and back-casting.