Economics and Policy Innovations for Climate-Smart Agriculture


Project area

Over the past ten years, Malawi’s poverty levels (above 50 percent of the population) have remained largely unchanged as Malawi’s economic growth slowed from a peak of 9.7 percent  in 2008 to about 3 percent in 2012. High population density and poverty have led to significant pressure on the environment and degradation of Malawi’s natural resource base, notably land and forests.

Malawi is prone to natural disasters, primarily related to climate variability and change. Over the past two decades, drought and flood events have increased in frequency, intensity, and magnitude with negative consequences for food and water security, as well as the sustainable livelihoods of rural people. Maize is the main staple crop. Fertilizer subsidies for maize led to maize being a bumper crop. However, the financial sustainability of this measure as well as the efficiency of fertilizer use would greatly benefit from further study.

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Research activities

Following the inception workshop, and having completed data analysis, the EPIC team has identified priority areas for CSA in Malawi:

1. Agro forestry/perennials
2. Legume crop rotation
3. Adoption of High Yielding Varieties
4. Dairy farming

Resource partner

      European Commission