Economía e innovaciones políticas para una agricultura climáticamente inteligente

Documentos de trabajo

En esta sección se encuentran las publicaciones de los proyectos de investigación desde 2009. Los documentos que aparecen a continuación son el resultado de la colaboración entre EPIC y sus asociados. En ellos, los investigadores, el mundo académico, los responsables de la adopción de políticas y todos los interesados en la adaptación y la mitigación del cambio climático encontrarán información sobre diversos aspectos técnicos de la agricultura climáticamente inteligente.

Cash transfer programmes for managing climate risks: Evidence from a randomized experiment in Zambia
Cash transfer programmes are increasingly being used to combat poverty and hunger as well as to shape the human capital of future generations. Even though most of these programmes are not explicitly designed to help households manage climate risk, there are good reasons to expect that cash transfers can help build household resilience against climatic risk [...]

Diversification under climate variability as part of a CSA strategy in rural Zambia
This paper aims at presenting empirical evidence from Zambia to better understand the linkages between climatic shocks, livelihood diversification and welfare outcomes with the goal of highlighting potential policy entry points to incentivize the types of diversification aimed at improving food security and resilience to climate shocks.

Welfare impacts of climate shocks Evidence from Tanzania
The goal of this study is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the impact of weather risk on rural households' welfare in Tanzania using nationally representative household panel data together with a set of novel weather variation indicators based on interpolated gridded and re-analysis weather data that capture the peculiar features of short term and long term variations in rainfall and temperature.

Welfare impacts of climate shocks Evidence from Uganda
This paper evaluates the effects of weather/climate shocks on various measures of household welfare using a nationally representative panel data from Uganda National Panel Survey (UNPS) together with a set of novel climate variation indicators

Managing climate risk using climate-smart agriculture
Climate change alters the agriculture production conditions and food security of developing countries, increasing the frequency and depth of risk to agricultural production and incomes. Policy-makers need assistance in identifying risk management options in the agricultural sector that allow them to effectively respond to the climate risks they face, while maintaining and enhancing agricultural policy objectives. Climate-smart agricultural (CSA) approach was developed to provide this assistance and this brief highlights some of the key findings related to risk management from CSA case studies.

Smallholder productivity under climatic variability:Adoption and impact of widely promoted agricultural practices in Tanzania
This paper contributes to evidence base to support policies for climate smart agriculture and underlines the importance of integrating site-specific analyses of climatic variables in policy targeting to foster adoption of appropriate practices to improve food security under climate change.

Diversification strategies and adaptation deficit: Evidence from rural communities in Niger
This paper provides fresh empirical evidence on the adaptation process to face climate changes through the analysis of original cross-sectional data collected at household-level in Niger.

Livelihood diversification and vulnerability to poverty in rural Malawi
Climate variability, associated with farm-income variability, is recognized as one of the main drivers of livelihood diversification strategies in developing countries. Analysing determinants of livelihood diversification choices, to better understand household strategic behaviour in the event of climatic risks and other shocks, is important for the formulation of development policies in developing countries highly dependent on rain-fed agriculture, like Malawi.

Gender integration into Climate-Smart Agriculture: Tools for data collection and analysis for policy and research
The adoption of CSA practices at scale requires appropriate institutional and governance mechanisms to facilitate the dissemination of information and to ensure broad participation by relevant stakeholders and targeted beneficiaries. Among the drivers influencing CSA adoption, the understanding of how gender could influence the effectiveness of these instruments is capturing increasing attention in the literature. 

Adaptation to climate risk and food security. Evidence from smallholder farmers in Ethiopia
This paper explores the impact of climate risk on the adoption of risk decreasing practices and other input choices and evaluates their impact on subjective and objective measures of household welfare (namely net crop income and a food insecurity indicator). The analysis is conducted primarily using a novel data set that combines data from the largescale and representative Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ERSS), 2011/12 with historical climate and biophysical data. 

Food security impact of agricultural technology adoption under climate change: Micro-evidence from Niger
An assessment of farmers' incentives and the conditioning factors that hinder or promote adoption of agricultural technologies under climate risk and evaluate its impact on food security in Niger.

Food security and adaptation impacts of potential climate smart agricultural practices in Zambia
This paper analyzes how a set of widely promoted agricultural practices affect crop yields and their resilience in Zambia using panel data from the Rural Incomes and Livelihoods Surveys (RILS). It provides important insights into the interplay between food security outcomes and climatic variables, and provides policy implications for targeted interventions to improve the productivity and the resilience of smallholder agriculture in Zambia in the face of climate change.

How do we actually change the business as usual management of agricultural systems? A methodology for building Climate-Smart Agriculture
The Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) approach was developed in 2010 and is now being piloted in three countries based on a process developed for a country-driven CSA methodology. This involves the development of an evidence base, dialogue and policy harmonization, investment analyses and links to climate finance. This brief lays out the methodology and the variation in its implementation across varying circumstances. The paper provides insights into what will actually be needed to support broader implementation of the CSA approach.

Evidence and Knowledge Gaps on Climate-Smart Agriculture in Vietnam:
A review on the potential of agroforestry and sustainable land management in the Northern Mountainous Region

This paper reviews the site-specific research in the published literature on the economic and climate impacts as well as the barriers to the adoption of agroforestry and sustainable land management in the NMR, and aims to identify knowledge gaps that need to be addressed for an evidence-based agricultural development policy in the region. 

Climate-Smart Agriculture & Resource Tenure In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Conceptual Framework
In this study, authors analyse the linkages between property rights and adoption of CSA. First, they discuss key characteristics of four CSA practices related to sustainable land management, then lay out a conceptual framework for evaluating the pathways by which expanding property rights and strengthening tenure security affects incentives to adopt technologies broadly, and finally apply the framework to each of the four CSA practices.

Climate Variability, Adaptation Strategies and Food Security in Malawi
This paper assesses farmers' incentives and conditioning factors that hinder or promote adaptation strategies and evaluates its impact on crop productivity by utilizing household level data collected in 2011 from nationally representative sample households in Malawi [...]

Climate-Smart Agriculture? A review of current practice of agroforestry and conservation agriculture in Malawi and Zambia
Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa must undergo significant productivity improvements to meet the combined challenges of population growth and climate change [...]

Adoption and intensity of adoption of conservation farming practices in Zambia

An analysis of the determinants and the intensity of adoption of two components of Conservation Farming in Zambia. Findings suggests that farmers are using these practices as a strategy to mitigate the risk of rainfall variability, providing evidence – albeit indirectly – of a synergy between these practices and adaptation to climate variability. Click here for a presentation of the paper. A journal version has also been published on Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment and it is available at this link.

Desarrollo de una estrategia a nivel nacional para la agricultura climáticamente inteligente: lecciones aprendidas de la experiencia reciente
Es un documento de antecedentes preparado para la Segunda conferencia mundial sobre agricultura, seguridad alimentaria y cambio climático, en el que se presentan experiencias recientes de aplicación de la CSA a nivel nacional y se señalan algunas de las lecciones principales, con el fin de incorporar los esfuerzos en curso por extender el uso del este enfoque a los países en desarrollo.

Determinación de oportunidades de inversión en agricultura climáticamente inteligente en África
En este trabajo EPIC propone un método rápido de revisión para analizar los 14 planes de inversión nacionales para la agricultura y la seguridad alimentaria, elaborados en el contexto del Programa general para el desarrollo de la agricultura en África (CAADP), y verificar su capacidad de generar efectos beneficiosos para hacer frente al cambio climático. Se comprobó que las actividades previstas podrían generar efectos beneficiosos en la adaptación a la aparición lenta del cambio climático (60 %), la adaptación a fenómenos extremos (18 %) y la mitigación del cambio climático (19 %).

Financiación de la mitigación del cambio climático para pequeños agricultores: manual para cosechar los beneficios de la retención del carbono del suelo
A partir del asesoramiento de la FAO sobre políticas y de las lecciones aprendidas de los proyectos en curso de financiación, desarrollados por la FAO y otras organizaciones en relación con el carbono agrícola, este documento traza una panorámica de las posibilidades de financiación de la mitigación a través de la retención del carbono del suelo.

Agricultura climáticamente inteligente: una síntesis de las pruebas empíricas de la seguridad alimentaria y los beneficios de la mitigación derivados de la gestión mejorada de tierras cultivables
En este documento se hace una síntesis de los resultados de una revisión de las publicaciones acerca de la base de conocimientos científicos sobre las distintas prácticas de gestión sostenible de la tierra, con el fin de aumentar y estabilizar la productividad de los cultivos en los países en desarrollo.


Agricultura climáticamente inteligente: su adopción por parte de los pequeños productores e implicaciones para la adaptación y la mitigación del cambio climático
En este documento se hace un breve repaso de los beneficios para la adaptación y la mitigación derivados de diversas prácticas, y se estudian con detalle las pruebas empíricas relacionadas con los costos y los obstáculos a la adopción, a partir de datos procedentes tanto de los hogares como de los proyectos.


Agricultura climáticamente inteligente: políticas, prácticas y financiación para la seguridad alimentaria, la adaptación y la mitigación
El desarrollo de la agricultura climáticamente inteligente es fundamental para alcanzar los objetivos de la seguridad alimentaria y los relativos al cambio climático. En este documento se estudian las respuestas más destacadas de tipo técnico, institucional, político y financiero necesarias para lograr esta transformación.


La seguridad alimentaria y la mitigación de la agricultura en los países en desarrollo: opciones para conseguir sinergias
Las posibles sinergias entre seguridad alimentaria, adaptación y mitigación del cambio climático, a partir de las prácticas agrícolas sobre el terreno, podrían ayudar a generar los múltiples beneficios necesarios para hacer frente a las numerosas exigencias que se plantean a la agricultura. En este documento se examinan estas sinergias y se señalan opciones prometedoras de mitigación mediante sinergias, opciones en las que se plantean ventajas comparativas, posibles opciones de financiación y posibles elementos de diseño de los procesos de aplicación en los países.

Methodology for Sustainable Grassland Management

Metodología de la FAO del estándar de carbono verificado en la gestión sostenible de pastizales
Esta metodología se basa en el proyecto “Retención del carbono de los pastizales de los tres ríos” en la provincia de Qinghai (China). 


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