Economics and Policy Innovations for Climate-Smart Agriculture


EPIC regularly produces a number of outputs targeted to the general audience, as well as to researchers, experts and policy makers. This section contains different resources directed to national and international policy-makers, researchers and to those interested in developing their knowledge on the nexus between adaptation, mitigation and food security to better contribute to open and collaborative dialogue on climate change and agriculture. Our products translate the field research and experience conducted by the EPIC programme into material for evidence-based policymaking.

The library contains working papers, policy briefs, presentationsreports and more. If you wish to be included in our mailing list and keep yourself updated with the most recent publications, please sign up to our newsletter or send an email to

Latest publication

Climate-Smart Agriculture? A review of current practice of agroforestry and conservation agriculture in Malawi and Zambia
Malawi and Zambia are promoting the use of agroforestry and conservation agriculture with the aim of improving the productivity of their smallholder agricultural systems under climate change. This review synthesizes evidence on the use, yield and socio-economic impacts of these farming techniques.

Key messages

  • There is strong evidence for the benefits on annual food crop yields from agroforestry in Malawi, both as a substitute and a complement for inorganic fertilizers. Agroforestry appears to offer income and livelihood benefits, but adoption in Malawi has been slow to date
  • There is modest evidence of yield, financial and livelihood benefits of conservation farming in Zambia. There are considerable constraints to its adoption in Zambia. 
  • Literature suggests that agroforestry offers high potential to sequester carbon while conservation agriculture offers lower potential. There is very little evidence specific to Malawian and Zambian conditions
  • Further research is needed on the carbon sequestration potentials and socio-economic impacts of these practices in different agro-ecological conditions under climate change in Malawi and Zambia.