This section features the final products of research projects conducted since 2009. The papers published below represent the outcomes of collaborative efforts between EPIC and its partners. Here, researchers, academics, policy makers and anybody interested in climate change adaptation and mitigation will find information on various technical aspects of Climate-Smart Agriculture.
Diversification under climate variability as part of a CSA strategy in rural Zambia
This paper aims at presenting empirical evidence from Zambia to better understand the linkages between climatic shocks, livelihood diversification and welfare outcomes with the goal of highlighting potential policy entry points to incentivize the types of diversification aimed at improving food security and resilience to climate shocks.
Welfare impacts of climate shocks Evidence from Tanzania
The goal of this study is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the impact of weather risk on rural households' welfare in Tanzania using nationally representative household panel data together with a set of novel weather variation indicators based on interpolated gridded and re-analysis weather data that capture the peculiar features of short term and long term variations in rainfall and temperature.
Welfare impacts of climate shocks Evidence from Uganda
This paper evaluates the effects of weather/climate shocks on various measures of household welfare using a nationally representative panel data from Uganda National Panel Survey (UNPS) together with a set of novel climate variation indicators
Managing climate risk using climate-smart agriculture
Climate change alters the agriculture production conditions and food security of developing countries, increasing the frequency and depth of risk to agricultural production and incomes. Policy-makers need assistance in identifying risk management options in the agricultural sector that allow them to effectively respond to the climate risks they face, while maintaining and enhancing agricultural policy objectives. Climate-smart agricultural (CSA) approach was developed to provide this assistance and this brief highlights some of the key findings related to risk management from CSA case studies.
Livelihood diversification and vulnerability to poverty in rural Malawi
Climate variability, associated with farm-income variability, is recognized as one of the main drivers of livelihood diversification strategies in developing countries. Analysing determinants of livelihood diversification choices, to better understand household strategic behaviour in the event of climatic risks and other shocks, is important for the formulation of development policies in developing countries highly dependent on rain-fed agriculture, like Malawi.
Adaptation to climate risk and food security. Evidence from smallholder farmers in Ethiopia
This paper explores the impact of climate risk on the adoption of risk decreasing practices and other input choices and evaluates their impact on subjective and objective measures of household welfare (namely net crop income and a food insecurity indicator). The analysis is conducted primarily using a novel data set that combines data from the largescale and representative Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ERSS), 2011/12 with historical climate and biophysical data.
Food security and adaptation impacts of potential climate smart agricultural practices in Zambia
This paper analyzes how a set of widely promoted agricultural practices affect crop yields and their resilience in Zambia using panel data from the Rural Incomes and Livelihoods Surveys (RILS). It provides important insights into the interplay between food security outcomes and climatic variables, and provides policy implications for targeted interventions to improve the productivity and the resilience of smallholder agriculture in Zambia in the face of climate change.
How do we actually change the business as usual management of agricultural systems? A methodology for building Climate-Smart Agriculture
The Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) approach was developed in 2010 and is now being piloted in three countries based on a process developed for a country-driven CSA methodology. This involves the development of an evidence base, dialogue and policy harmonization, investment analyses and links to climate finance. This brief lays out the methodology and the variation in its implementation across varying circumstances. The paper provides insights into what will actually be needed to support broader implementation of the CSA approach.
Evidence and Knowledge Gaps on Climate-Smart Agriculture in Vietnam:
A review on the potential of agroforestry and sustainable land management in the Northern Mountainous Region
This paper reviews the site-specific research in the published literature on the economic and climate impacts as well as the barriers to the adoption of agroforestry and sustainable land management in the NMR, and aims to identify knowledge gaps that need to be addressed for an evidence-based agricultural development policy in the region.
Climate-Smart Agriculture & Resource Tenure In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Conceptual Framework
In this study, authors analyse the linkages between property rights and adoption of CSA. First, they discuss key characteristics of four CSA practices related to sustainable land management, then lay out a conceptual framework for evaluating the pathways by which expanding property rights and strengthening tenure security affects incentives to adopt technologies broadly, and finally apply the framework to each of the four CSA practices.
Identifying opportunities for climate smart agriculture investments in Africa
In this work, EPIC proposes a rapid screening methodology to examine the 14 existing National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plans (NAFSIPs), prepared in the context of CAADP, to ascertain their potential to generate climate change benefits. The screening showed that the activities planned would generate climate benefits in terms of adaptation to slow-onset climate change (60%), adaptation to extreme events (18%) and climate change mitigation (19%).
Food Security and Agricultural Mitigation in Developing Countries: Options for Capturing Synergies
Potential synergies between food security, adaptation and climate change mitigation from land-based agricultural practices could help to generate multiple benefits needed to address the multiple demands placed on agriculture. This work explores these synergies and indicates promising mitigation options with synergies, options that involve trade-offs, possible options for required financing, and possible elements in designing country implementation processes.