Sustainable and climate-smart management of land, water and biodiversity

The healthy functioning and resilience of ecosystems depends to a great extent on biological and genetic diversity. For FAO, the key priorities are to increase understanding of the ecosystem services secured by agricultural, aquatic and forest biodiversity and to identify potential impacts of climate change. FAO also strongly argues for priority actions in sustainable and adaptive natural resources management, such as land use planning and soil and water management, in order to increase resilience of production systems to climate change. Since the specific threat of climate change is new, the response strategy may require major qualitative changes in natural resource management, not just fine-tuning certain on-going practices. This could mean, for example, shifting from tillage-based production to a non-tillage-based system, such as conservation agriculture.

Learn more about our work areas and view some examples of FAO's on-going work in support of adaptation by clicking on the titles below.

FAO provides support to the following work areas

Monitoring trends

Conservation and policy integration of biodiversity


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last updated:  Wednesday, November 30, 2011