Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme
Policy and NAMAs
The move towards climate-smart agriculture is being hampered by the fact that the scope and quality of advice on policy and finance options for climate change mitigation in agriculture is currently very limited. As a result, policy-makers cannot make sound decisions on the best ways to harness agriculture’s potential for climate change mitigation. To address this issue, the MICCA Programme is generating information and tools to identify technical, financial and institutional options for climate change mitigation in agriculture.
At the international level, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiation process is working toward an agreement for confronting climate change. Part of MICCA’s mission is to inform the UNFCCC parties of the options for including agriculture in international institutional climate change arrangements.
MICCA is involved in the preparation of submissions, information briefs and side events for the UNFCCC meetings. MICCA also provides support to UNFCCC delegates and representatives from the Ministries of Environment, Agriculture, Finance and National Planning from developing countries so they can make informed contributions to the negotiations and understand the possibilities for engaging in mitigation activities in their respective countries.
Click on on the relevant section in the right side-bar to view a range of MICCAs knowledge products including contributions to the UNFCCC and the negotiation process.
NAMAs are a tool for climate change mitigation under the UNFCCC. They can be strategies, laws, sectoral development plans, actions or technology development and transfer activities. Their aim is to reduce GHG emissions in a country below business-as-usual growth scenario. NAMAs can cover geographically defined areas or production chains or be projects focused on specific production processes, including in agriculture. MICCA provides support to countries in NAMA development in the agriculture and land use sectors in several ways.
Two MICCA publications review the agriculture sector NAMAs and provide guidance in national mitigation planning in agriculture. A new NAMA learning tool that is under development will enable online learning or guided training on step-by-step NAMA design.
The NAMA Partnership is a group of multilateral organizations, bilateral cooperation agencies, and academia that have come together, under the coordination and secretariat services of UNFCCC, to support developing countries in the preparation and implementation of their NAMAs. FAO is a member and has contributed so far to the development of the NAMA Wiki, a website intended to be a complete repository of information related to NAMAs, as well as through sharing of guidelines and tools in support of agriculture NAMAs, and attendance of several regional workshops organized through the partnership
The NAMA Partnership has three working groups: Sustainable Development, MRV (Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification), and Finance. FAO has focused its involvement on the MRV group, including discussions on baselines for MRVs of NAMAs in the agriculture sector.
The UNFCCC hosts regional NAMA workshops to facilitate preparation and implementation of NAMAs. FAO participated in the Asia-Pacific and Eastern Europe Regional Workshop on NAMAs (Vientiane, Laos, 22-25 April, 2014) and the African Regional Workshop on NAMAs (Windhoek, Namibia, 3-5 October, 2014).
FAO contributions included a discussion on the potential for NAMAs in the agriculture sector of specific regions, including linkages with rural development and food security, and an introduction for the participants to recently developed products and tools, such as a series of NAMA guidelines, ongoing capacity development activities relevant to NAMAs, and GHG data analysis tools available via the FAOSTAT Emissions database.
For additional info on FAO activities within the NAMA Partnership: Heather Jacobs (email@example.com )
Claudio Forner from the UNFCCC Secretariat gives his perspective on NAMAs