Supporting policy and decision making

The move towards climate-smart agriculture is being hampered by the fact that the scope and quality of advice on policy and finance options for climate change mitigation in agriculture is currently very limited. As a result, policy-makers cannot make sound decisions on the best ways to harness agriculture’s potential for climate change mitigation. To address this issue, the MICCA Programme is generating information and tools to identify technical, financial and institutional options for climate change mitigation in agriculture.

Global economic analysis of mitigation policy options

The MICCA Programme is currently working with the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) on the development of a global land use, greenhouse gas emissions and trade model. With the help of this model, it will be possible to understand the impacts different carbon policies, such as carbon taxes, emission trading schemes or abatement subsidies, will have on global greenhouse gas emissions, food production, consumption and trade in different regions and sectors. The MICCA team is currently collecting and processing data from global datasets on economic activities and land use by global agro-ecological zone, as well as on greenhouse gas emissions for agriculture. Additional inputs on mitigation potentials and costs are also being incorporated into the model.

• MICCA contributed to the preparation of a GTAP working paper 'Effects of GHG Mitigation Policies on Livestock Sectors'. The working paper can be accessed by clicking here.

• 'Livestock and climate change, challenges and options', an article prepared by MICCA colleagues in FAO's Livestock Information, Sector Analysis and Policy Branch (AGAL) has been published in CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources. To access the article, click here. (subscription required)

Supporting the international climate change negotiations process

At the international level, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiation process is working toward an agreement for confronting climate change. Parties to the UNFCCC are recognizing the importance of agriculture and land based sectors in mitigation. Part of MICCA’s mission is to inform the UNFCCC parties of the options for including agriculture in international institutional climate change arrangements. The MICCA Programme is involved in the preparation of submissions, information briefs and side events for the UNFCCC meetings. MICCA also provides support to UNFCCC delegates and representatives from the Ministries of Environment, Agriculture, Finance and National Planning from developing countries so they can make informed contributions to the UNFCCC negotiations and understand the possibilities for engaging in mitigation activities in their respective countries.

For the 17th Conference of the Parties (COP17) of the UNFCCC, MICCA contributed to the preparation of the following information briefs:

Building bridges between REDD+ and sustainable agriculture: Addressing agriculture's role as a driver of deforestation
Gender and Climate Change Research in Agriculture and Food Security for Rural Development

Monitoring And Assessment Of GHG Emissions And Mitigation Potentials In Agriculture

Global review of on-farm decision-making processes

The MICCA team has carried out a review of the economic models that have been used to analyze smallholder farmers’ decisions to adopt new practices, surveying the factors taken into account in their decision-making process. To design effective policies that support the adoption of climate-smart agricultural systems, policy-makers need to evaluate individual farmers’ costs and revenues and take into account critical factors, including climate risk, property rights and the costs involved in accessing information. This study assists decision-makers to formulate policies that can foster climate-smart agriculture, such as the provision of adequate extensions systems and farmer training programmes, the consolidation of land use rights and insurance mechanisms.

The results of the study have been presented at the 28th International Conference of Agricultural Economists. To access the paper, click here.

last updated:  Monday, June 16, 2014