Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme
The MICCA Programme
Launched in 2010, the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme is working to make agriculture more climate-smart.
A multidisciplinary programme funded by Finland, Germany and Norway, MICCA builds on FAO’s long-standing work carried out by its different technical departments and collaborates with international and national organizations. MICCA complements other FAO and United Nations efforts to address climate change and collaborates with the UN-REDD Programme. The technical information generated by the Programme supports negotiation processes undertaken through the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Agriculture directly accounts for 14 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, the equivalent of seven billion tonnes of carbon dioxide each year. That is almost equal to the transportation sector. What is more, changes in the way land is used, especially deforestation driven by agricultural expansion in tropical areas, account for a further 17 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions.
Agricultural production must increase if the global food supply is to keep pace with population growth. Yet at the same time, it is clear that if the world is to meet its targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change, agriculture must become ‘climate-smart’. Agricultural production systems managed in a climate-smart way, emit fewer greenhouse gases, create significant carbon sinks, and at the same time become more productive and more resilient in the face of climate change.
Ultimately, it is the world’s farmers who will have the largest role to play in making agriculture both climate-smart and more productive. If climate-smart agricultural practices are to take hold, they must be seen by farmers as providing benefits such as, improved productivity, better livelihoods, and greater adaptability to environmental and economic change.
The MICCA Programme works to improve the livelihoods smallholder farmers in developing countries and to enable these farmers to contribute to global efforts to mitigate climate change.
The MICCA Programme works in a variety of different areas:
For detailed information, on the work done in each area, click on the links.
MICCA's activities are made possible thanks to the generous support from the governments of Finland, Germany and Norway.
Key FAO links