Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme
Standardizing processes and building capacities
With Decision 1/CP.16 taken in Cancun, non-Annex I Parties agreed to report information on Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions more frequently than in the past, via submissions of Biennial Update Reports (BURs), including information on intended mitigation actions. FAO provides capacity development activities to its member countries for the preparation of GHG Inventories, National Communications (NC) and Biennial Update Reports (BURs), and contributes knowledge on GHG emissions via a number of tools, including the internationally-recognized FAOSTAT Emissions database. The MAGHG project initiated two FAO pilot countries activities, Uruguay and Mexico, to provide technical assistance in support of their agriculture and LULUCF components of the BUR 2014 and 2016. The work-plans were recently approved, having been developed collaboratively by relevant national agencies in the pilot countries, with involvement from national, regional and HQ FAO staff. The work foresees a Phase I focused on short-term support by FAO towards the BUR 2014, and a longer-term Phase II, focused on the BUR 2016 submission.
The work will be jointly implemented with key national partners in both Pilots, including the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries, and the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment of Uruguay, as well as the National Forestry Commission (CONOFOR), National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC) of Mexico.
Mesoamerican Workshop on National Emissions Inventories and Mitigation Plans in Agriculture, Land use, Land use change and Forestry
21-23 July 2014, San José, Costa Rica
The United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) requires countries to periodically submit their national inventories of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through National Communication (NCs) and Biennial Update Reports (BURs). FAO, REDD+ Project for Strengthening South - South Cooperation and the UN-REDD Mesoamerican Programme are jointly organizing a workshop for the Mesoamerican region. The workshop aims at identifying technical and institutional gaps and steps needed to improve capacities of member countries, in relation to their national GHG reporting processes.
The focus is on the agriculture and Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) components of the Biennial Update Reports. With over eighty participants from fifteen different countries, the workshop will provide a platform for sharing experiences among countries in the region, and helping to identify useful data analysis tools. The workshop will gather high-level representatives of the Ministries of Agriculture, National Institutes of Statistics and Agencies responsible for National Forest Monitoring Systems and National Emission Inventories for the Agriculture and LULUCF sectors. The workshop on "National Emissions Inventories and Mitigation Plans in Agriculture, Land use, Land use change and Forestry" will be held in San José, Costa Rica, Jul 21-23 2014.
Third FAO Regional Workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse Gas Emissions
2 - 3 December 2013, Casablanca, Morocco
The new FAOSTAT Emissions database provides a coherent and internationally neutral data platform useful for member countries to identify critical statistical data gaps and to conduct advanced greenhouse gas (GHG) data analyses by assessing current trends and performing data quality control and benchmarking functions. The FAO Workshop brings together high-level staff of Ministries of Agriculture or Agricultural National Statistical Agencies and Bureaus responsible for national GHG reporting under international climate policy processes, to help further the conversation on how to improve statistics for GHG emissions.
The workshop is a platform to exchange information on national GHG data processes, identify critical institutional and technical gaps, and explore the role that FAO can play via its new FAOSTAT Emissions database in support of its Member Countries’ needs. The workshop will take place just prior to the 23rd African Commission on Agricultural Statistics (AFCAS) to be held on 4-7 December in Rabat.
Workshop on Thematic Geospatial Information in Tropical Peatland for Agriculture, “One Map Policy for Supporting Tropical Peatland Sustainable Development”
7- 8 November 2013, Bogor, Indonesia
The workshop objective is to share various experience in peatland mapping from different background and formulate them into a comprehensive approach to goal One Map Policy. Furthermore, the event aims to raise awareness of the importance for developing new updated national inventory and mapping of tropical peatland based on existing data, standardized of method used for the assessment tropical peatland.
The workshop is a platform to facilitate the information and technology exchange in terms of peatland management for agriculture. The event is jointly hosted by Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD), Ministry of Agriculture, and the FAO project on Monitoring and Assessment of GHG Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Agriculture (MICCA/MAGHG).
Second workshop on statistics for greenhouse gas emissions
3 - 4 June 2013 Trinidad and Tobago, Port of Spain
The new FAOSTAT Emissions database provides a coherent and internationally neutral data platform useful for member countries to identify critical statistical data gaps and to conduct advanced greenhouse gas (GHG) data analyses by assessing current trends and performing data quality control and benchmarking functions. The workshop brought together high-level staff of Ministries of Agriculture, Agricultural National Statistical Agencies or Bureaus responsible for national GHG reporting under international climate policy processes, to help further the conversation on how to improve statistics for GHG emissions.
The workshop served as a platform to exchange information on national GHG data processes, identify critical institutional and technical gaps, and explore the role that FAO can play via its new FAOSTAT Emissions database in support of its Member Countries’ needs. The workshop took place just prior to the meeting of the FAO-OEA/CIE-IICA Working Group on Agricultural and Livestock Statistics for Latin America and the Caribbean (5-6 June 2013).
Establishing a National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System in Ecuador
A joint meeting was held in Ecuador from 18-21 March 2013, to support capacity development on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory implementation in agriculture and land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sectors, particularly on the establishment of institutional arrangements and facilitation of communication among national and international stakeholders.
The meeting was organized by the Ministry of Environment’s Sub-Secretary on Climate Change and facilitated with support of four initiatives: the UN-REDD Programme, the FAO project on Monitoring and Assessment of GHG Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Agriculture (MICCA/MAGHG), the Coalition for Rainforest Nations Capacity Development for REDD+ (CD-REDD) initiative and the UNDP Low Emissions Capacity Building (LECB) Programme.
The need for capacity building
Developing countries, where agriculture represent a key growth development factor, have limited capacity to identify and report the GHG data needed for accessing climate finance and critically shape the climate policy debate. The construction of the GHG FAOSTAT database offers a unique opportunity to member countries who wish to increase their capacity to assess and report their GHG emissions, as a basis for climate policy setting and identification of mitigation potential.
In particular, the database represents a robust platform for UNFCCC reporting—given its adherence to IPCC Guidelines—as well as for identification of key sectors for development of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). These actions will become an important vehicle that developing countries have at their disposal to assess their mitigation options in the AFOLU sectors and deploy national level mitigation plans to be recognized by the peers and international community, with significant potential for accessing future climate funding for agriculture development and sustainability. To this end, the FAOSTAT GHG database fills important gaps when considering that most non-Annex I countries have reported very few times to UNFCCC in the past 20 years, whereas they will be required to do so increasingly (in fact, every two years) starting in 2014. It furthermore provides a coherent, neutral, scientifically robust and honest platform enhancing international recognition of actions and analyses undertaken by member countries in their agriculture, forestry and other land use sectors. In order to provide a robust platform for use by countries, validation of the database will need to proceed in parallel at both global and national levels. At the global level, comparison with existing UNFCCC reporting seeks to demonstrate the usefulness of the FAOSTAT database for GHG reporting, by comparisons to existing methodology. The project has begun such comparisons for a number of categories. At the same time, the project seeks to identify a group of pilot countries with whom to begin a more detailed comparison and development of GHG assessment and reporting activities, aimed at constantly improving the database and promote it as the basis for GHG reporting by the member countries themselves.
Online learning events
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