Le Programme sur l'Atténuation du Changement Climatique dans l'Agriculture (MICCA)
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Standardizing processes and building capacities
Developing countries, where agriculture represent a key growth development factor, have limited capacity to identify and report the GHG data needed for accessing climate finance and critically shape the climate policy debate.
The construction of the GHG FAOSTAT database offers a unique opportunity to member countries who wish to increase their capacity to assess and report their GHG emissions, as a basis for climate policy setting and identification of mitigation potential. In particular, the database represents a robust platform for UNFCCC reporting—given its adherence to IPCC Guidelines—as well as for identification of key sectors for development of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). These actions will become an important vehicle that developing countries have at their disposal to assess their mitigation options in the AFOLU sectors and deploy national level mitigation plans to be recognized by the peers and international community, with significant potential for accessing future climate funding for agriculture development and sustainability. To this end, the FAOSTAT GHG database fills important gaps when considering that most non-Annex I countries have reported very few times to UNFCCC in the past 20 years, whereas they will be required to do so increasingly (in fact, every two years) starting in 2014. It furthermore provides a coherent, neutral, scientifically robust and honest platform enhancing international recognition of actions and analyses undertaken by member countries in their agriculture, forestry and other land use sectors.In order to provide a robust platform for use by countries, validation of the database will need to proceed in parallel at both global and national levels. At the global level, comparison with existing UNFCCC reporting seeks to demonstrate the usefulness of the FAOSTAT database for GHG reporting, by comparisons to existing methodology. The project has begun such comparisons for a number of categories. At the same time, the project seeks to identify a group of pilot countries with whom to begin a more detailed comparison and development of GHG assessment and reporting activities, aimed at constantly improving the database and promote it as the basis for GHG reporting by the member countries themselves.
Side event and presentation at Asia and Pacific Commission on Agricultural Statistics – 24
Tel. +39 06 570 52169