Global reviews of opportunities and obstacles at the farm level

The lack of knowledge regarding climate mitigation in agriculture is due in part to the absence of proper compilation, documentation and analysis of scattered but useful existing information. To fill this gap, MICCA has carried out a global assessment examining the synergies between climate change and food security and measuring the yield effect of sustainable land management practices that have the potential to mitigate climate change. The assessment team consulted about two hundred articles and case studies from scientific sources and from databases of projects and sustainable agricultural practices. The assessment covers five main pathways for climate change mitigation:

  • improved agricultural practices,
  • integrated nutrient management,
  • tillage and residue management,
  • water management and
  • agroforestry.

The analysis has helped broaden the knowledge base about practices that can simultaneously increase food production, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration. As a result, there is a better understanding about where to expect the highest climate change mitigation co-benefits that would result from modifications principally intended to improve food security and climate change adaptation in smallholder agricultural systems.

The MICCA team has also investigated the empirical evidence on the implementation costs and other barriers to adopting practices that can mitigate climate change, including institutional constraints, transaction costs and government policies.

The results of these reviews have been published in the following documents:

Climate-Smart Agriculture: Smallholder Adoption and Implications for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
Climate-Smart Agriculture: A Synthesis of Empirical Evidence of Food Security and Mitigation Benefits from Improved Cropland Management

last updated:  Monday, October 1, 2012