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Mitigation projects database
One of the first activities carried out under the MICCA Programme was the development of a database database on ongoing mitigation activities within the category: agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU). The first analysis of the AFOLU database, published in November 2010, contained information on 497 AFOLU mitigation projects gathered from 11 different registries, both crediting scheme registries and third party databases. By the end of 2011, 78 new projects had been added to the database for a total of 575 projects collected from 12 different registries. The sixth volume in the MICCA Series presents a summary of the insights that have been gained from the analysis of the updated database. It specifically comments on the emerging gaps in the climate change agenda as regards AFOLU projects in developing countries.
Some key findings from the analysis:
• The regional distribution of AFOLU projects remains similar, with the order from high to low being Latin America, North America, Africa, Asia and the Pacific and Europe and Central Asia.
• In general terms, the highest relative increase in projects was in Asia and the Pacific, where there was an increase of 29 percent.
• In Latin America and Africa, it was mainly forestry projects that have increased since the last analysis. In Asia and the Pacific, by contrast, there has been an equal increase in manure and non‐manure projects.
• Africa has experienced increasing growth in absolute numbers of AFOLU projects and hosts a few large forestry carbon projects – a positive development in comparison to the last paper.
• Overall, the number of AFOLU projects is on the rise again, although not as rapidly as in the years previous to 2010.
• In terms of emission reductions, forestry projects, and specifically Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) projects, bring about the highest average annual and total annual emission reductions.
• Agriculture soil carbon projects remain marginal. Yet, the further development of soil carbon methodologies for the voluntary market, new tools and methods for greenhouse gas (GHG) quantification at whole‐farm and landscape level, and capacity building at the national level on methods and tools, will support the development of more agricultural soil carbon projects.