Gender and climate change                        

Women, agriculture and climate change
The world’s farmers have a central role to play in making agriculture both climate-smart and more productive. FAO’s 2011 State of the World Report on Agriculture notes that “women comprise, on average, 43 percent of the agricultural labour force in developing countries.”

Therefore, if climate-smart agricultural practices are to be accepted in farming communities in the developing world, they must be viewed as beneficial by both men and women farmers. Benefits include improved productivity, better livelihoods, more income and more options for coping with uncertainty and change. The State of the World Report also points out that “women in agriculture and rural areas have less access than men to productive resources and opportunities” and that “closing the gender gap in agriculture would generate significant gains for the agriculture sector and for society”, which could “reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 12–17 percent.”                                  

Training material: helping researchers gather data

A gender-sensitive approach is crucial to achieving climate-smart agriculture. The roles, responsibilities and capabilities of both men and women need to be well understood to ensure that both men and women benefit from climate-smart agricultural practices. However, little research has been undertaken to understand how men and women are adapting to climate change, mitigating emissions and maintaining food security. Methodologies and approaches for research and development planning are needed.

As a contribution to addressing this gap, MICCA and CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) developed training material on Gender and Climate Change Research in Agriculture and Food Security for Rural Development. The material provides a clear understanding of the concepts related to gender and climate change:
• describing methods for conducting gender-sensitive research on the impacts of climate change;
• explaining how to use various participatory research tools to conduct research on climate change adaptation, risk, mitigation, and food security; and
• offering guidance on different ways of reporting research findings so that they can be properly analysed.

Using the material will ensure that critical information on gender and climate change is collected, allowing researchers and development workers to formulate appropriate gender-sensitive policies and programmes for rural development.

 Men and women working their fields in Burundi

last updated:  Friday, July 10, 2015