Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme
Policy and NAMAs: Supporting policy and decision making
The move towards climate-smart agriculture is being hampered by the fact that the scope and quality of advice on policy and finance options for climate change mitigation in agriculture is currently very limited. As a result, policy-makers cannot make sound decisions on the best ways to harness agriculture’s potential for climate change mitigation. To address this issue, the MICCA Programme is generating information and tools to identify technical, financial and institutional options for climate change mitigation in agriculture.
Climate change talks and agriculture
At international level, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiation process is working toward an agreement for confronting climate change. Part of MICCA’s mission is to inform the UNFCCC parties of the options for including agriculture in international institutional climate change arrangements.
MICCA is involved in the preparation of submissions, information briefs and side events for the UNFCCC meetings. MICCA also provides support to UNFCCC delegates and representatives from the Ministries of Environment, Agriculture, Finance and National Planning from developing countries so they can make informed contributions to the negotiations and understand the possibilities for engaging in mitigation activities in their respective countries.
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions are nationally determined policies and actions that reduce net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. They are a vehicle for developing countries to reduce emissions in the context of national sustainable development. Countries agreed to launch NAMAs during the United Nations Climate Change Conference in 2007.
NAMAs contribute to the objective of the UNFCCC that aims to keep the increase in global mean temperature below 2 degrees Celsius. The concept of NAMAs was introduced in the UNFCCC process through the Bali Action Plan in 2007. During the climate negotiations in Cancun, parties agreed that developing countries will use NAMAs to reduce their GHG emissions compared to a reference scenario (“business as usual” – BAU) by 2020.
The agriculture, forestry and land use (AFOLU) sector is a significant sink, but also a source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Actions to reduce net GHG emissions in agriculture, forestry and land use can be enhanced by increasing synergies with activities related to sustainable intensification, improved farming system efficiency and climate change adaptation. NAMAs are a way of merging these goals into one coherent package.
The NAMA Partnership supports developing countries in the preparation and implementation of their NAMAs. The Partnership is formed by multilateral organizations, bilateral cooperation agencies and academia that have come together, under the coordination and secretariat services of UNFCCC. FAO is a member of the Partnership and has so far contributed by sharing knowledge materials, and participating to the Monitoring, Reporting and Verification working group, as well as the development of the NAMA Wiki. The NAMA Wiki is a website intended to be a complete repository of information related to NAMAs.
The NAMA Partnership has three working groups: Sustainable Development, MRV (Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification) and Finance. FAO has focused on the MRV group, including discussions on baselines for MRVs of NAMAs in the agriculture sector. The UNFCCC hosts regional NAMA workshops to facilitate preparation and implementation of NAMAs. FAO participated in the Asia-Pacific and Eastern Europe Regional Workshop on NAMAs (Laos, 22–25 April, 2014) and the African Regional Workshop on NAMAs (Namibia, 3–5 October, 2014).
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