Climate Risk Management in Bicol (Philippines)
Expected Project Outputs
1. Enhanced dissemination of early warning (EW) messages to farming communities for better disaster preparedness. Timely delivery of simple early warning messages to intended audiences is key for improved local disaster preparedness and reduced livelihood losses. The project assists PAGASA and DA in establishing tools, communication channels and EW messages tailored to the needs of farmers and DA. The installation of rain gauges in pilot barangays and conduct of training on proper operation and use the information gathered increases awareness about community based disaster risk reduction .
2. Weather forecasts and outlooks for seasonal planning in agriculture. Medium-term weather and seasonal climate forecasts are crucial decision support tools for DA and farmers to make strategic choices for season specific cropping. The project assists DA in interpreting weather and climate forecasts to create impact outlooks and planning support for agriculture and to advise farmers and local institutions accordingly. To further enhance the agrometeorological data collection network in Bicol an automatic weather station was installed in Guinobatan, Albay.
3. Tools and capacities for sector specific damage and needs assessment. The Department of Agriculture has the responsibility to provide relief & rehabilitation support to farmers & fishermen in disaster affected areas. The provision of demand responsive and well targeted support depends on a sound methodology and capacities to quickly and efficiently assess the damage & location specific needs after disasters occurred. The project developed a new tool for livelihoods based damage & needs assessment, including a regular baseline. It will be pilot tested and, if successful, institutionalized.
4. Participatory development of community based disaster risk reduction plans. Communities are key in pro-active disaster risk reduction and emergency response. Their capacities as partners for enhanced disaster risk reduction have to be strengthened. The project will assist pilot municipalities in preparing community-based disaster risk management plans with a focus on agriculture. The planning shall be institutionalized and thus, contribute to reduced vulnerabilities to current and future disaster risks.
5. Good Practices for risk reduction. Agriculture based technology options to enhance the resilience of farming systems of vulnerable households and communities exist. The project assists DA in prioritizing, testing, validating and documenting location & target group specific good practice options. With the assistance of LGU extension personnel several site-specific good practices, such as stress tolerant (saline) and early maturing rice varieties, ratooning, diversified farming systems (e.g.) are being tested. Wider replication of successfully tested options is planned.
6. Planning and policy advice for improved risk reduction in agriculture. Sector specific policies and proactive strategies to address disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) are needed to provide well targeted services and guidance to farmers. The project advices DA in mainstreaming of DRR related tools, methods & successfully tested good practices options for DRR into DA’s regular work programme. It assists DA in designing a sector specific Plan of Action for DRR through a participatory consultation process with key stakeholder in disaster risk reduction.