Climate Risk Management in Bicol (Philippines)
Good practice examples - Upland (dry season)
- Prioritized Good Practice Option for Disaster Risk Reduction in Uplands (dry season)
- Complementary Good Practice Option for Disaster Risk Reduction in Uplands (dry season)
Description of Option
Small Farm Reservoir
In farmlands with no irrigation source, rainwater harvesting done through miniponds can provide supplemental irrigation. Miniponds of 5m x 5m x 2m (length x breadth x depth) are preferred in small farms. It is also proposed to excavate larger ponds (10m x 10m x 2m) as per requirement and rainwater availability
Soil erosion due to heavy rainfall
Minimum and Zero Tillage
The tillage practices are being done to reduce soil and water losses. Zero tillage means the complete elimination of mechanical seedbed preparation and weed control. It also refers to the practice of sowing crops directly into the residue of the previous crop without cultivation. Minimum tillage refers to the reduction in the frequency of tillage operation and the degree of cultivation in the crop production systems. Usually, only a single light cultivation of a limited area of the soil surface is used to prepare an area for planting.
Coconut Leaf Pruning
Coconut (Cocos nucifera) leaf pruning (CLP) involves the removal of the older leaves of the crop and maintaining only the desired number of leaves to reduce the effective transpiration surface area. In bearing palms, any of the 18, or 23 functional upper leaves of the tree crown may be retained.
Drought tolerant crops
Drought tolerance refers to the species-specific adaptable capacity of the protoplasm to survive dehydration. Hence, the plant can withstand long periods of dryness or extreme water deficit or drought. Proper planting schedule should, however, be observed to ensure availability of moisture during crop growth.