Negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are nearing an important milestone with the post-2020 global climate agreement scheduled to be concluded in Paris in December 2015.
FAO plays an important role in assisting member countries to understand the challenges and opportunities for the agricultural sectors and the range of possible responses. To this end, FAO is supporting member countries to develop their capacities in integrated approaches, such as agroecology and climate-smart agriculture, as well as through Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), national adaptation plans (NAPs), and nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs).
These are a part of FAO’s commitment to support member countries participate in important international processes under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
FAO’s approach to food security and climate change can be found here.
- FAO stands for food security and poverty eradication. Our work is to ensure food security especially under the impacts of climate change. The
central importance of food security needs to be recognized in the post-2020 agreement. FAO supports UNFCCC as the central forum for climate change
The agricultural sectors are particularly exposed to the impacts of climate change and climate variability. The impacts are already felt today. We need to create more resilient food production systems that are better adapted to the changing climatic conditions especially in (poor) developing countries.
At the same time, the global population grows. We need to sustainably increase the productivity of agricultural sectors. The right policies to
ensure food security and build resilience and productivity typically come with substantial benefits, particularly for the rural poor. Better watershed management, improved soil quality and gender empowerment are only some examples.
In addition to ensuring food security and adapting to the impacts of climate change, mitigation and the potential to sequester emissions in soils and trees can be an important additional benefit. There will be challenges for the sector, but there will also be opportunities – if we get the global policies right. That means, looking holistically at all the services farmers provide –not only food production.
This will require a paradigm shift from the dominant input intensive approach to more sustainable and resilient food systems. This change has a cost – a cost that poor farmers, fisherfolk, foresters, and indigenous communities, especially in developing countries, cannot pay alone.
Climate change can only be addressed in an “all of government” approach. Therefore, Ministries of agriculture, fisheries and forestry need to be at the table when countries develop and implement domestic policies to address climate change and national positions for the negotiations. Making agriculture and our food systems more resilient and sustainable should be an overarching political and development priority, not only for the agricultural sectors.