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Gender & climate change


Financing Mitigation. Exposing Gender Gaps in Financing Climate Change Mitigation – and Proposing Solutions


What are the gender gaps in climate change mitigation? This question is answered in this publication, which presents three case studies and an overview and contributes to the limited pool of research on the linkages between gender equality and mitigation finance. Best practices are highlighted from mitigation projects implemented in Colombia, Mali and Nepal, and recommendations are made for next steps to improve research on the issue and develop gender-sensitive tools geared to climate finance and mitigation experts and practitioners.


Operationalizing a Gender‐Sensitive Approach in the Green Climate Fund

UNFCCC, April 2013

Climate financing approaches will be more effective and provide broader benefits if they address rather than reinforce gender inequalities that increase the vulnerability of women to climate change and adversely affect their ability to contribute to mitigation and adaptation efforts. Women still face unequal access to political power, economic resources, legal rights, land ownership, bank credit, and technical training. The Green Climate Fund can promote gender equality by establishing structures and operating procedures that are careful to include women as well as men in decision‐making roles, respond to the particular needs of women for climate related financing, and enable women’s enterprises to benefit from new low‐carbon technologies and economic opportunities.


Training guide – Gender and climate change research in agriculture and food security for rural development

FAO & CGIAR/CCAFS, 2013 (second edition)

Both women and men play a significant role in safeguarding food security, and their respective roles and responsibilities need to be well understood to ensure that men and women benefit equally from climate-smart agriculture practices. Little research, however, has been undertaken to understand how men and women are adapting to climate change, mitigating emissions and maintaining food security. As one of many steps toward addressing this gap, FAO and CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) have developed this training guide. It provides a clear understanding of the concepts related to gender and climate-smart agriculture; describes participatory methods for conducting gender-sensitive research on the impacts of climate change; and offers guidance on different ways of reporting research findings so that they can be properly analysed. Using the guide will ensure that critical information on gender and climate change is collected, allowing researchers and development workers to formulate appropriate gender-sensitive policies and programmes for rural development.

An Infographic “Equal access to resources and power for food security in the face of climate change” has been published along the training guide, showing women’s access to financial and productive resources, decision-making fora, knowledge, technology, land, water, services and markets, illustrating the link to food security and climate change.

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Addressing Gender in Climate-Smart Smallholder Agriculture

World Agroforestry Centre, Policy Brief No.14, 2013

This brief focuses on the constraints that women face to more equitable participation in smallholder carbon and climate-smart initiatives. It highlights the important role that a flexible learning approach plays in advancing equity goals, and offers recommendations for concrete actions that can empower both women and men.


Gender and Climate Change: Toolkit for Women on Climate Change

Isis International, 2012

This toolkit is part of an endeavour to explore innovative and strategic ways to communicate gender justice and climate justice issues, especially from southern feminist perspectives. It seeks to provide community-based or grassroots organisations with basic information on climate change and how to communicate climate justice with their constituencies and target groups.

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Gender and Climate Change Cutting Edge Pack

BRIDGE, 2012

Responses to climate change tend to focus on scientific and economic solutions rather than addressing the vitally significant human and gender dimensions. For climate change responses to be effective thinking must move beyond these limited approaches to become people-focused, and focus on the challenges and opportunities that climate change presents in the struggle for gender equality.

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Climate Airwaves: Community Radio, Action Research and Advocacy for Climate Justice in Ghana

International Journal of Communication, Vol 5 (2011)

Community radio is well recognized as a powerful vehicle for advocacy and social change in Africa, but its use in the field of climate change has remained very limited, and then largely for top-down transmission of information to communities. This article discusses lessons learned to date from the Climate Airwaves, an initiative aimed at developing new approaches for supporting community radio broadcasters to investigate, communicate, and engage in broader debates on the impacts of climate change on vulnerable communities in Ghana. It also discusses in depth the central role that action research aimed at effecting social change plays in this particular initiative, and in climate justice initiatives more broadly.

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Women at the frontline of climate change. Gender Risks and Hopes. A Rapid Response Assessment

UNEP, 2011

Women’s voices, responsibilities and knowledge on the environment and the challenges they face will need to be a central part of the adaptive response to a rapidly changing climate. Governments have a responsibility to make gender considerations part of the response and UNEP hopes this report will play a part in providing a focus for relevant agencies operating across the spectrum of development and climate assistance to put women at the centre of their strategies.


Gender & climate change: 3 things you should know

The World Bank, 2011

The World Bank sees gender analysis as integral to the social analyses that inform our lending. Gender analysis helps find ways to mitigate possible risks that may exacerbate gender inequality, and highlights opportunities to enhance positive outcomes. In the context of climate change, this has three key implications: (i) women are disproportionately vulnerable to the effects of natural disasters and climate change where their rights and socio-economic status are not equal to those of men, (ii) empowerment of women is an important ingredient in building climate resilience, and (iii) low-emissions development pathways can be more effective and more equitable where they are designed using a gender-informed approach.


Cutting Edge Pack on Gender and Climate Change

BRIDGE, 2011

This Cutting Edge Pack sets out why it is vital to address the gender dimensions of climate change. It maps pathways for making climate change responses more gender aware and – potentially – transformative. It includes inspiring examples of innovations and good practice at local, national and global levels. Climate change is increasingly being recognised as a global crisis, but responses to it have so far been overly focused on scientific and economic solutions. How then do we move towards more people-centre, gender-aware climate change policies and processes? How do we respond to the different needs of women and men, while also challenging the gender inequalities that mean women are more likely to lose out than men in the face of climate change?

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Engendering the climate for change: Policies and practices for gender-just adaptation

Alternative Futures and Heinrich Böll Foundation, 2011

This research report explicitly highlights the causes and concerns of women due to changing climate. It points out that climate change would put an extra pressure on women activities ranging from agriculture, fetching water to fodder collection; and critically analyses the implications for women livelihoods generation. It asserts that most of India’s responses to climate change and its adaptation policies at best are "gender blind" or "gender neutral".


Gender and Climate Change: Advancing development through an integrated gender perspective

UNDP, Discussion Paper Series, Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) Experiences, Vol. 1, March 2011

UNDP strongly supports the promotion of gender equality, women’s empowerment and the inclusion of women in climate change planning and decision-making. This issue paper aims to emphasize to development practitioners and policy makers the gendered implications of climate change. It also highlights the steps that the Africa Adaptation Programme, one of UNDP’s flagship programmes to address climate change, is taking to ensure the equal participation of women and all members of society as governments, countries and the global community respond to climate change.


Gender, Climate Change and Community Based Adaptation. A guidebook for designing and implementing gender-sensitive community-based adaptation programmes and projects

UNDP, July 2010

This Guidebook provides advice on how to design gender-sensitive, community-based projects and programmes. It presents a wealth of experiences and examples taken from the UNDP-GEF Community-Based Adaptation Programme that are being piloted throughout the world. Likewise, the Guidebook presents beneficial lessons drawn from the GEF Small Grants Programme’s many years of ongoing work in over 122 countries. The Guidebook will be particularly useful for CBOs, NGOs, governments, development agencies and other community-based practitioners who might wish to review successful cases of gender mainstreaming in community-based adaptation projects.

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Farmers in a Changing Climate: Does Gender Matter? Food Security in Andhra Pradesh, India

FAO, 2010

FAO and local Indian institutions in Andhra Pradesh addressed the gender aspects of coping with climate variability and long-term change in the project Gender-sensitive Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Drawing on Indian Farmers’ Experiences. The project captured how men and women farmers in drought-prone districts perceived and responded to seasonal climate variability and long term changes in the climate. Participatory focus group discussions and a quantitative survey were used to collect the data. The farmers’ accounts, combined with institutional and climate analysis, explored the climate risks men and women farmers are facing as they adapt to the drought conditions and develop coping strategies for food security.

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Gender and Climate Change in Southern Africa

Heinrich Böll Foundation, April 2010

Climate change has been on the environmental agenda since the mid-1980s and has risen to become a global priority. It is widely accepted that women and men will be differently affected by climate change and it is in that context that debates regarding identification of gender perspectives and the involvement of women in addressing climate change have arisen. It is believed that men and women will be faced with different vulnerabilities to climate change impacts due to existing inequalities such as their roles and positions in society, access to resources and power relations that may affect the ability to respond to the effects of climate change. It has therefore become important to understand and highlight the interrelations between climate change and gender so as to design effective climate change policies. The Heinrich Böll Foundation commissioned four case studies to examine the interrelations between climate change and gender so as to make a contribution to the creation of information on the gender differentiated impacts of climate change. It is hoped that these studies will contribute to the ongoing discourse on climate change and underline the urgent need to pay closer attention to the role of gender when responding to climate change.

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Planting the Knowledge Seed. Adapting to climate change using ICTs. Concepts, current knowledge and innovative examples

Building Communication Opportunities Alliance, September 2009

This publication takes you on a journey to explore the practical linkages between climate change, access to and sharing of information and knowledge, communication for development and ICTs in general. More specifically, it considers how everyday information and communication tools such as radios, mobile phones, personal computers, the internet and interactive media can help reduce the risks of climate change faced by the most vulnerable segments of the global village through providing access to and the sharing of timely information and critical knowledge. The target audience of this publication are not experts on ICTs or climate change, but rather development practitioners and policy makers overall: those who will be faced with the need to interpret the demands of climate change, and apply these to their work in the context of the possibilities afforded by ICTs.


State of world population 2009 – Facing a changing world: women, population and climate

UNFPA, 2009

How do population dynamics affect greenhouse gases and climate change? Will urbanization and an ageing population help or hinder efforts to adapt to a warming world? What’s the best way to protect humanity from extreme weather and rising seas? And could better access to reproductive health care and improved relations between men and women make a critical difference in addressing the challenge of climate change? The answers to these questions are found in The State of World Population 2009.

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Climate Change Connections - Gender & Population

UNFPA/WEDO, October 2009

One of the most urgent issues of our time, climate change is already impacting populations and ecosystems around the globe, threatening to set back development efforts by decades. But the impacts are not being felt equally. The differentiated impacts of climate change on women are numerous. An understanding of how climate change, sustainable development and population issues intersect—and the specific impacts on women—will help in the development of effective, gender-sensitive policies and programmes.

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Woman, Gender Equity and Climate Change

UN WomenWatch, September 2009

This fact sheet focuses on gender perspectives of climate change. It features the work of the entire UN system on gender equality and climate change and provides comprehensive information for advocacy, research and programming for governments, NGOs, United Nations entities, global and regional bodies, academia, women’s groups and networks and interested individuals on the topic.


Resource guide on gender and climate change

UNDP, May 2009

This guide aims to inform practitioners and policy makers of the linkages between gender equality and climate change, and their importance in relation to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It makes the case for including women’s voices, needs and expertise in climate change policy and programming, and demonstrates how women’s contributions can strengthen the effectiveness of climate change measures.

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Training Manual on Gender and Climate Change

IUCN, 2009

This publication responds to the needs of policy makers and climate change scientists to understand and address better the gender dimensions of climate change. It clarifies the linkages between gender and climate change mitigation and adaptation. It is a practical tool to increase the capacity of policy and decision makers to develop gender-responsive climate change policies and strategies.


Gender and Climate Finance: Double Mainstreaming for Sustainable Development

Heinrich Böll Stiftung, May 2009

Climate change is real, it is happening already, and its impacts on people are not gender-neutral. It is affecting men and women all over the world differently, especially in the world’s poorest countries and amongst the most vulnerable people and communities. As women and men have different adaptive and mitigative capabilities, the financing instruments and mechanisms committed to climate change activities in mitigation and adaptation need to take these gender-differentiated impacts into account in funds design and operationalisation as well as concrete project financing.

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Gender and Climate Change. Women Matter

UNECA, March 2009

This paper seeks to draw attention to the gender dimension of climate change and the need to integrate gender issues in climate change responses, with particular emphasis on women’s concerns.


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