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Conflict & Peace Building


Assessment of the evidence of links between gender equality, peacebuilding and statebuilding: literature review

ODI, December 2013

This report provides an overview of the knowledge base on gender-sensitive approaches to peacebuilding and statebuilding in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS). It asks: what do gender-responsive approaches in peacebuilding and statebuilding look like? What is the impact of gender-responsive approaches on the peacebuilding and statebuilding goals of the international agenda, including inclusivity, participation, responsiveness and accountability? And do these approaches substantively enhance the advancement of gender equality goals in FCAS?


Women and Natural Resources – Unlocking the Peacebuilding Potential

UNEP, UN Women, UN PBSO, UNDP, November 2013

This report focuses on the relationship between women and natural resources in conflict-affected settings, and discusses how the management of natural resources can be used to enhance women’s engagement and empowerment in peacebuilding processes. Part I of the report examines the relationship between women and natural resources in peacebuilding contexts, reviewing key issues across three main categories of resources: land, renewable and extractive resources. Part II discusses entry points for peacebuilding practitioners to address risks and opportunities related to women and natural resource management, focusing on political participation, protection and economic empowerment.


Conflict and Violence

Gender & Development, Volume 21, Issue 3, November 2013

The articles in this issue focus on the complicated and context-specific relationship between gender inequality and violence and conflict, and debate ways to end gender-based violence in its many pernicious forms. Formally ending conflict is not enough to end gender-based violence. Long term, transformative change is necessary in order to advance women's rights in conflict and post-conflict contexts.   


Women Count – Security Council Resolution 1325: Civil Society Monitoring Report 2013

GNWP, October 2013

The absence of regular monitoring and reporting by Member States continues to be one of the key challenges in the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on Women, Peace and Security. In 2014, Member States are expected to populate country-focused indicators developed under UNSCR 1889. This will be the first time that Member States use indicators to monitor the implementation of UNSCR 1325—if they actually decide to do so.
On the part of civil society, the Global Network of Women Peacebuilders and its members and partners realized the value of monitoring much earlier on: it has been carrying out a yearly monitoring exercise since 2010. The last four years have enabled to develop a set of indicators that are locally acceptable and locally applicable; and a monitoring system that enables civil society to compare the level of implementation of the resolution across a number of countries. For 2013, 15 countries were monitored bringing the total number of countries monitored in the last four years to 19.


Women, Peace and Security: Sexual Violence in Conflict and Sanctions

SCR, April 2013

This report analyses statistical information on women, peace and security in country-specific decisions of the Security Council and developments in 2012, with a particular focus in the case study on the nexus between sexual violence in conflict and sanctions imposed by the Security Council. The report also examines the Council’s inconsistency in including language on the UN’s zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse for UN personnel in resolutions establishing or renewing mandates for peace missions. The report will also briefly touch on key developments on the women, peace and security agenda in early 2013.         


Women in Peace Building

Isis International, 2012

This issue of Women in Action (WiA) is dedicated to making women’s voices heard in peace and development processes. The articles featured here provide accounts of the appalling situation of women in conflict- situations and their pursuit of a peaceful resolution of current conflict in different countries and localities. While the authors share with our readers a collection of women’s personal stories and adolescents’ stories, the essays also focus on the implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, the first international legislation ever passed to address the impact of armed conflict on women and give importance to their role in the prevention and resolution of conflict.

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UNIFEM Resources on Women, Peace and Security

UNIFEM (part of UN Women), 2010

This collection of UNIFEM papers brings together a considerable body of analytical and advocacy work undertaken over the last five years, grounded in programming that has helped advance the women, peace and security agenda in policy and practice. The collection includes papers on gender issues in early warning, peace processes, peacekeeping, post-conflict planning and financing, and transitional justice. Together, the papers in this collection describe a range of ongoing efforts to strengthen the UN’s capacities to promote peace and prevent violence.

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Women Talk Peace


A series of radio productions that aim to raise awareness about the varied aspects of the UNSCR 1325, which specifically addresses the impact of war on women and women's contributions to conflict resolution and sustainable peace. The Resolution mandates that all UN member states ensure that women are active participants at all levels of decision making on peace and security issues. The Women Talk Peace radio productions use varied formats including features, dramas and short radio spots to communicate information about UNSCR 1325, as well as other international conventions and legal mechanisms relevant to women in conflict situations.

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Forgotten Females: Women and Girls in Post-Conflict Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration Programs

Maya Oza Ollek, 2008 (PhD thesis, McGill University - Canada)

Disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) programs slowly developed gender-policies to reflect the recent upsurge in females’ participation in armed groups in combat and support roles. This has not translated, however, into females’ successful inclusion in DDR. The thesis considers the influence of the provisions for DDR in peace agreements, the definitions of combatants and eligibility criteria for program entry, institutional responsibility for DDR programs, DDR program implementation, and the agency of DDR target populations on the participation of females in DDR. It examines DDR programs in Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Sudan. The case studies demonstrate that gender-sensitive DDR policies are important pre-conditions but do not serve as guarantees for females’ inclusion in DDR. The thesis concludes that the resource constraints faced by leading actors and a limited recognition of the agency of DDR target populations play decisive roles in determining the level of females’ participation in DDR.

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Because I am a girl 2008 – In the shadow of war

Plan International, May 2008

This is the second in a series of eight reports examining the rights of girls throughout their childhood, adolescence and as young women. The 2008 report examines the state of girls in conflict situations around the world.

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Securing Equality, Engendering Peace: A Guide to Policy and Planning on Women, Peace and Security

INSTRAW, September 2006

This guide examines one of the crucial steps on the path towards the full implementation of existing laws, namely the formulation and implementation of concrete policies and plans. More specifically, this guide concentrates on the creation of action plans on the issue of women, peace and security. The purpose of this guide is to help facilitate the development of realistic action plans on women, peace and security through the provision of good practices, specific recommendations and a six-step model process. The guide is designed as a resource for governments, United Nations and regional organisations as well as NGOs who are interested in developing plans and policies on women, peace and security issues.

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Beyond Victimhood: Women's Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda

International Crisis Group, June 2006

Peacebuilding cannot succeed if half the population is excluded from the process. Research in Sudan, the DRC and Uganda suggests that peace agreements, post-conflict reconstruction, and governance do better when women are involved. Women make a difference, in part because they adopt a more inclusive approach toward security and address key social and economic issues that would otherwise be ignored. But in all three countries, they remain marginalised in formal processes and under-represented in the security sector as a whole. Governments and the international community must do much more to support women peace activists.

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The Effects of Conflict on Health and Well-being of Women and Girls in Darfur - Situational Analysis Report: Conversations with the Community

UNICEF & UNFPA, September 2005

This report provides an overview of community perceptions about the risks women and girls currently face in Darfur as a result of the conflict, expressed concerns for their physical and mental recovery, traditional coping strategies and the gaps in services and opportunities which are discerned by community members. The situational analysis is a community-based investigation, meant to provide some insight as to how the international community can better shape its response through recognition and respect for these perceptions and preferences and the resources that are needed to improve women and girls’ health and well-being. The situational analysis was not designed to determine the prevalence of any specific health problems nor to assign blame. It is also not designed to present a comprehensive overview of the health situation in Darfur.


Gender, Conflict, and Development

The World Bank, October 2004

This book highlights the gender dimensions of conflict, organized around major relevant themes such as female combatants, sexual violence, formal and informal peace processes, the legal framework, work, the rehabilitation of social services and community-driven development. It analyzes how conflict changes gender roles and the policy options that might be considered to build on positive aspects while minimizing adverse changes. The suggested policy options and approaches aim to take advantage of the opportunity afforded by violent conflict to encourage change and build more inclusive and gender balanced social, economic and political relations in post-conflict societies. The book concludes by identifying some of the remaining challenges and themes that require additional analysis and research.

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