FAO FISHERIES TECHNICAL PAPER 273
Administration and conflict management in Japanese coastal fisheries
National Museum of Ethnology
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FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 1992
This document was prepared as part of a series of Technical Papers dealing with the Practices of Fisheries Management. It provides an important example to an approach to management through the provision of management authority to community fishermen groups.
The author wishes to express his gratitude to Dr. F. T. Christy, Jr. for critically reviewing and suggesting improvements to an earlier version of this document.
The photograph on the front cover has been reproduced with the kind permission of The Governor, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
|Distribution:||For bibliographic purposes this document should be cited as follows:|
|FAO Fisheries Department
FAO Regional Fisheries Officers
Directors of Fisheries
Fisheries Management Selector
|Ruddle, K., 1987 Administration and|
in Japanese coastal
fisheries. FAO Fish.
Tech.Pap., (273) : 93 p.
|Japanese coastal fishermen have legally-guaranteed equitable access to and “ownership” of the living aquatic resources of coastal waters, through an elaborate fisheries rights system. In Japan no conceptual distinction exists between land holdings and land tenure and sea holdings, or sea tenure, and fisheries enjoy a legal status equal to that of land ownership. Sea tenure in Japanese coastal fisheries is a complex subject that is little known in the West. It involves time-honoured customary procedures for management and conflict resolution which have been incorporated into modern legislation.|
|The Introduction reviews selected aspects of the general behavioural context within which the administration of Japanese fisheries and the resolution of conflicts should be viewed. Since the degree of continuity with traditional management practises is an outstanding characteristic, Chapter 1 describes and provides examples of the historical antecedents of the present situation. Present day formal administration is described in Chapter 2.|
|Systems of coastal sea tenure reflect an intimate interplay of formal government regulations and informal customary elements. The latter are commonly of greater day-to-day importance than the former. In Chapters 3 and 4 this is examined through the problems of conflict management and resolution, proceeding from the personal and small-scale level to the impersonal prefectural and national levels. In Japan the most frequent, effective and culturally legitimate methods employed to manage and resolve conflict are informal and personal. These are operationalized via small-group discussion, verbal communication and the use of gobetweens. Such mechanisms, which ensure that a conflict remains localized and centred directly on the contending parties, are employed not only to manage conflicts between fishermen but also in highly formal situations such as arise in the judicial process. Failure to adhere to such a process invariably means that conflict becomes entrenched and impossible to solve.|
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CHAPTER 1: HISTORICAL ANTECEDENTS
CHAPTER 2: THE PRESENT-DAY ADMINISTRATION OF COASTAL FISHERIES
CHAPTER 3: THE INFORMAL RESOLUTION OF CONFLICT
CHAPTER 4: THE FORMAL RESOLUTION OF CONFLICT
1. Locations mentioned in text
2. Types of boundaries of exclusive fisheries rights areas
3. Types of boundaries of exclusive fisheries rights areas
4. Evolution of FCA boundaries on Okinawa Island
5. The Kyuroku-To incident
6. The Ariake Sea incident
|1.||The structure of japanese fisheries rights and licences|