Use and potential

of wild plants

in farm households


Editing, design, graphics and desktop publishing:
Editorial Group,
FAO Information Division

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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FAO 1999


Contents

Preface

 

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

What are wild plants?

Wild plants and biodiversity

 

Chapter 2

WILD PLANTS IN VARIOUS FARMING SYSTEMS

Shifting cultivation

Agroforestry and home gardens

Pastoralism and agropastoralism

Mangrove swamps

Extractivism

 

Chapter 3

CONTRIBUTIONS TO RURAL HOUSEHOLDS

Food diversity and household sufficiency

Medicinal, veterinary and traditional uses

Income generation

 

Chapter 4

POTENTIAL FOR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

Medicinals and aromatics

Ornamental plants

Processing and agro-industry

Agricultural production

 

Chapter 5

ENVIRONMENTAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL CONSTRAINTS

Habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation

Access to resources

Marketing opportunities and infrastructure

Public-sector support services

 

Chapter 6

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Developmental challenges

Towards a plan of action

Concluding remarks

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY