ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH PAPER   VOL. 19

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East coast fever and related tick-born diseases
The great need to devise more efficient methods of controlling East Coast fever (ECF) and other diseases which, over a very wide area of the African continent, have been the cause of enormously heavy losses of cattle, has long been recognized.

Responding to this need the Regional Project "Research on Tick-borne Diseases and Tick Control (RAF/167/077), which was financially supported by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and executed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), was established at the request of the Governments of Kenya,, Tanzania and Uganda.

While having as its objective the study of control of ticks and tick-borne diseases in general, the Project placed special emphasis on immunological work designed to control ECF. The Project started operations in May 1967 with its headquarters located at the laboratories of the East African Veterinary Research Organization (EAVRO), Muguga. Kenya. It was originally of three years duration bat as a result of two extensions the Project continued until the end of 1976.

It is significant that in 1967 the FAO East African Livestock Survey gave the highest priority In its recommendations to research on ECF and related theilerioses. The correctness of this allocation of priorities has since been confirmed by the valuable bilateral and international support which has been accorded to the work of the Project and which is acknowledged in this publication.

During the ten years of the Projeot's life the following agencies established cooperative support projects with BAYRO: Ministry of Overseas Development, United Kingdom; United States Department of Agriculture (USDA); Pfizer International Incorporated; International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIFE); International Development Research Centre (IDR0) Canada; International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Australian Volunteer Service; Nuffield Institute of Comparative Medicine, and the Rookefeller Foundation.

In addition, the Project cooperated with the national veterinary services of the three East African countries (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) and with the following national projects which were supported by UNDP and executed by FAO: Kenya - "Research on Tick-borne Cattle Diseases and Tick Control" (KEN/70/522) and "Wildlife Diseases Project" (KEN/68/013); Tanzania - "Improvement of Tick Control Project" (URT/72/009); Uganda - "Tick-borne Cattle Diseases and Tick Control Project" (UGA/71/519); Rwanda - "Tick Control Project" (RWA/74/004).

The following bodies wore also associated with the work of the Project: the Central Veterinary Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Malawi; the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya; the Royal (Dick) School of Yeterinww Studies, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom; the Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.; the Free University of West Berlin; the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, U.K.; the Institute for Research on Animal Diseases, Compton, U.K.; the Central Veterinary Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Weybridge, U.K.; the Glasgow University Veterinary School, U.K.; the Wellcome Research Laboratories, Nairobi, Kenya and the Wellcome Research Laboratories, Beckenham, U.K.; the World Health Organization and the International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases (ILRAD), Nairobi, Kenya.

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