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Associação das Siderúrgicas de Carajás, 2000. "Welcome to the Carajás Forest Fund," ASICA Homepage,

Bayon, Ricardo, Carolyn Deere, Ruth Norris and Scott E. Smith, 1999. "Environmental Funds: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects," IUCN. Available in electronic form at

De Camino, Ronnie, Olman Segura, Guillermo Arias, & Issac Pérez, 2000. Costa Rica: Forest Strategy and the Evolution of Land Use, World Bank Operations Evaluation Department, Washington.

Cathcart, James F., 2000. "Carbon Sequestration: A Working Example in Oregon," Journal of Forestry, Vol. 98:9 (September) pp. 32-37.

Crossley, Rachel A., Tony Lett, Diana Propper de Callejon and Camilla Seth, 1996. "Innovative Financing for Sustainable Forestry," in Workshop Proceedings: Financial Mechanisms and Sources of Finance for Sustainable Forestry, 4-7 June 1996, Pretoria, South Africa.

Douglas, Jim and William McGrath, 1996. "Financing Sustainable Forestry: The World Bank Perspective," in Workshop Proceedings: Financial Mechanisms and Sources of Finance for Sustainable Forestry, 4-7 June 1996, Pretoria, South Africa.

Environmental Law Institute, 2000. Forests for the Bay, Environmental Law Institute, Washington. Also available in electronic form through the publications section of

Fontaine, R.G., 1961. "National Forestry Funds," Unasylva, Vol 15:4.

Gabus, A, 2000. "Dispositis Nationaux de Financement Forestier en Afrique Tropicale: Fonctions Visées et Résultats à ce Jour, avec référence particulières aux cas du Cameroun et de la Côte d’Ivoire," available in electronic form at

Gautam, Madhur, Uma Lele, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Azis Khan, Ir. Erwinsyah and Saeed Rana, 2000. Indonesia: The Challenges of World Bank Involvement In Forests, World Bank Operations Evaluation Department, Washington, DC.

GEF, 1999. "Experience with Conservation Trust Funds," Evaulation Report #1-99, Washington, DC.

Gorte, Ross W., M. Lynne Corn, and Carol Hardy Vincent, 1999. "Federal Land Management Agencies’ Permanently Appropriated Accounts," Congressional Research Service Report for Congress (Oct. 13, 1999), Library of Congress (USA), Washington [Order Code RL30335].

Gorte, Ross W. and M. Lynne Corn, 1997. "The Forest Service Budget: Trust Funds and Special Accounts," Congressional Research Service Report for Congress (Jan. 3, 1997), Library of Congress (USA), Washington [Order Code 97-14 ENR].

Heindrichs, Thomas, 1997. "Innovative Financing Instruments in the Forestry and Nature Conservation Sector of Costa Rica," a study for the sectoral project "Support for the Implementation of International Programs of Relevance to Tropical Forests (TWRP)" of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, on behalf of the Costa Rican Forest and Nature Conservation Administration, SINAC. GTZ GmbH, Eschborn.

IUCN, TWN and WWF, 1994. Report on the First Global Forum on Environmental Funds, Washington, DC.

Jakarta Post, 1998. "Forestry Ministry Rejects Request to Transfer Funds," June 25, 1998.

Jakarta Post, 1999. "Forestry Fund Audit Set to Wind Up by June," Feb. 10, 1999.

Landell-Mills, Natasha, 1999. "Defining a Strategy for Financing Sustainable Forestry in Malawi: A Review of International Experience," prepared for the Working Group on Financial Flows and Mechanisms in Support of Malawi’s National Forestry Programme, UNDP Programme on Forests.

Landell-Mills, Natasha and Jason Ford, 1999. Privatising Sustainable Forestry: A Global Review of Trends and Challenges, International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

Liagre, Jacques, 1997. La Forêt et le Droit: Droit Forestier et Droit général applicables à tous bois et forêts, Éditions la Baule, Paris.

Lindsay, Jonathan, 1996. Recommendations for Revised Forestry Legislation for Zanzibar: Annotated Draft Legislation, FAO, Rome.

Moura Costa, Pedro, Jyrki Salmi, Markky Simula and Charlie Wilson, 1999. "Financial Mechanisms for Sustainable Forestry," UNDP Programme on Forests Working Draft.

McGaughey, Stephen E. and Hans M. Gregersen, 1988. Investment Policies and Financing Mechanisms for Sustainable Forestry Development, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC.

Ninio, Alberto, 2000. "Legal and Institutional Aspects of Establishing Environmental Funds in Developing Countries: Selected Approaches and Practices," [unpublished note by Counsel, Environment & International Law Unit, Legal Department, The World Bank (June 2000)].

Richards, Michael, 1999. "‘Internalising the Externalities’ of Tropical Forestry: A Review of Innovative Financing and Incentive Mechanisms," European Union Tropical Forestry Paper 1, ODI, London.

Rosenbaum, Kenneth L., 1993. "Timber," in Environmental Law Institute, Sustainable Environmental Law: Integrating Natural Resource and Pollution Abatement Law from Resources to Recovery (Celia Campbell-Mohn et al., eds), West Publishing Co., St. Paul, Minnesota (USA), pp. 575-674.

Salmi, Jyrki, Nguyen Xuan Nguyen and Le Quang Trung, 1999. "Study on Financing Strategy for Sustainable Forest Management in Vietnam: Draft for Comments," PROFOR Vietnam Working Draft, Hanoi, 1999.

Thoreau Institute (2000) web page,

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