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CONCLUSION

The international livestock industry must be encouraged to practice increasingly better handling and welfare of slaughter animals. This is particularly important for developing countries, as this will improve production. Here, the introduction of better stunning practices and improved pre-stunning methods for ritual slaughter are urgently required.

In developing countries good standards of animal welfare can be achieved during transport and slaughter without the use of expensive high-tech equipment. These countries should be assisted to produce simple locally or regionally made improvements such as metal grating on the slippery floor of a vehicle or stun box or materials to construct races and restraint devices, as well as stunning equipment like electrical tongs and cartridges for captive bolt pistols. Importing expensive equipment and the difficulties in securing regular supplies of cartridges causes many slaughterhouse managements to abandon recommended stunning methods and to resort to inhumane methods.

There is also a need around the world to change marketing systems, which will enable people to pass losses such as bruises along to the next segment in the marketing chain. People need to be held accountable for losses from bruises, hide damage, branding and dead animals. Changes in marketing systems and in the way people are paid is one of the best ways to improve welfare and reduce economic losses. People should not be paid on a piecework basis but should receive bonuses for reduced bruising and better stunning.

The formation of producer cooperatives would eliminate middlemen and those cooperatives could also initiate training programmes for staff who handle transport and slaughter livestock, thereby improving the standard of animal welfare and increasing economic return.


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