Previous PageTable Of ContentsNext Page

4 Oil palm and rubberwood plantations are classified by FAO as agricultural tree-crops rather than as forest plantations. For the purpose of the GFPOS these resources will be analysed as part of the sixth working paper in this series: The potential contribution of trees outside of forests to future wood supplies.

5 In fact, in terms of wood supply analysis, studies that differentiate between natural forests and forest plantations are of only minor interest in themselves. They can be used to enhance the understanding of how changes in forest management intensity can increase the wood and fibre productivity of forests and the differences between species that grow in forest plantations and the natural forest are important factors to consider. The main purpose of concentrating on the future split between forest plantations and the natural forest is much more likely to be to enrich the debate about the environmental and social implications of changing forest types.

6 The classification of forest plantations into industrial plantations and non-industrial plantations follows that of Pandey (1997): "Plantations for the supply of roundwood for sawntimber, veneer and pulp have been classified as "industrial plantations" in this study. Sometimes they were identified from the source, but often the area had to be inferred on the basis of species composition. All other plantations are denoted as "non-industrial plantations" and include those for fuelwood, soil and water protection and amenity purposes."

7 Countries with significant forest plantation resources that have been classified as tropical and subtropical, but have a (sometimes major) temperate forest plantation component, include: Argentina; Australia; China; Chile; India; and South Africa.

8 Tropical and subtropical plantation areas are drawn from Pandey (1997). The areas quoted throughout this paper are Pandey's Net Areas as opposed to Reported Areas. In an attempt to provide more accurate assessments of actual plantation areas Pandey, in some instances, applies a reduction factor to the area of plantations reported to be present in particular countries. "Estimation of the net area, that is, the actual area of the stocked plantations excluding failed, harvested or doubly counted plantations, has been done by applying a reduction factor/success rate derived from inventory or survey of plantations". A more complete description of the process is provided in Pandey (1997).

9 In countries where difficulties arise in differentiating between plantation and natural forest data it has been assumed the plantation species distribution mirrors the overall national species distribution. This assumption is not anticipated to markedly skew the global summary presented in Table 3, because broad species breakdowns are available for all of the countries with the largest forest plantation resources.

10 The bulk of variation between the Solberg et al estimate and the figures presented here is in the estimated areas of forest plantations in China and some countries in Europe and the former-USSR.

11 Including significant additional areas of forest in the United States of America and Canada as forest plantations, but excluding some areas in Western Europe.

12 The proportion of this planting that is replanting is uncertain, but believed to be quite large in some countries.

13 For example, teak plantations in India, which were first established in 1840.

14 For example, in 1698, the United Kingdom passed an Enclosure Act: for the Increase and Preservation of Timber in the New Forest. This Act authorised the establishment of 2,000 acres of forest plantations in Southern England.

Previous PageTop Of PageNext Page