FOREST HARVESTING CASE-STUDY 16
Forest harvesting practice in timber concessions in Suriname


Table of contents



 

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

 All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to copyright@fao.org  


Table of Contents

Foreword

Summary

Symbols, acronyms, abbreviations and exchange rate

1. Introduction

2. Description of study area

2.1 General information
2.2 Description of study plots

3. Description of current forest harvesting practice

3.1 Planning of harvesting operations
3.2 Forest road planning
3.3 Forest road construction and maintenance
3.4 Pre-harvest field survey
3.5 Felling operations
3.6 Extraction system
3.7 Operations at the landing
3.8 Long-distance transport

4. Labour force and compensation of workers

5. Description of the logging equipment

6. Study methodology and analysis of data

6.1 Work and time study on felling and extraction
6.2 Estimating production rates in felling and extraction
6.3 Cost estimates for harvesting operations
6.4 Estimated wood waste
6.5 Estimated damage to residual trees
6.6 Qualitative assessment of environmental impacts
6.7 Canopy gaps

7. Discussion of results-progress towards environmentally sound forest harvesting

References

Appendix 1. List of tree species

Potentially commercial tree species
Protected tree species

Appendix 2. Time study data for felling operations

Appendix 3. Time study data for extraction operations

Appendix 4. Stem and crown damage data