3. REGIONAL REVIEWS
China, East Asia,
Southeast Asia, South Asia,
Asia’s contribution toward total world aquaculture production increased from 83.8% to 90.1% from 1984 to 1995, with production in 1995 at 25.0 million mt (up by 10.1% from 1994) valued at US$34.8 thousand million (up by 5.5% from 1994) or 82.3% of total world aquaculture production by value (Figures 3.1 and 3.2).
In terms of food supply (i.e. finfish and shellfish, live weight equivalent) the region produced over 87% of total world food fish production from aquaculture in 1995, compared with only 36% in the case of terrestrial animal meat products. According to the latest FAO fishery food balance sheets (Laureti, 1996), although per caput food fish supply within the region was only 13.9 kg in 1993 (fourth in rank after Oceania, Europe and North America), total food fish supply (including landings from both capture fisheries and aquaculture) has been increasing at an average rate of 3.3% per year since 1984, and it is estimated that the share of aquaculture is currently about one third of this.
Table 3.1 summarizes the contribution of the Asian region to total world aquaculture production by major species groups. The proportion of freshwater species production in the region increased from 37.2% to 49.1% from 1984 to 1995, an average annual rate of 13.2%. By contrast, the proportion of aquaculture production in brackishwater environments decreased from 5.4% to 5.0%, and that of marine production decreased from 57.4% to 46.0% in the same period, with annual production increases averaging 9.6% and 8.2% by weight, respectively.
Laureti, E. (comp). 1996. Fish and fishery products: world apparent consumption statistics based on food balance sheets (1961-1993). FAO Fisheries Circular No. 821, Rev. 3. Rome, FAO. 235p.
|1||Annual Percent Rate: average annual compunded growth rate in percent|