POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND FOOD SECURITY IN ASIA Enhancing Forestry and Agroforestry Contributions

RAP Publication 1999/5

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
January 1999

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory or any area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors alone and do not imply any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO.


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©FAO 1999

Table of Contents



Summary and recommendations


A. Overview of the linkages between forestry and food security

1. Watershed protection functions of forests/agroforests

2. Protection against water and wind erosion

3. Support and enhancement of farming systems on marginal lands

4. Forests and trees as sources of animal feeds

5. Forests and trees as direct sources of food

6. Trees and nutrition

7. Forests as pools of genetic resources important for agriculture

8. Socioeconomic links between forestry/agroforestry and food security

B. Overview of forestry/agroforestry issues vis-ą-vis food security

1. Increases in population and demands for food, forest products and services

2. Forest conversion and deforestation

3. Trade and marketing issues

4. Resource access and tenure

5. Gender issues

6. Management of fragile lands

7. Appropriate technical solutions

Common problems and opportunities

A. Common constraints

1. Institutional

2. Production

3. Technology

4. Access and equity

5. Trade

6. Information

7. Industrialization/urbanization

8. Food deficits/malnutrition

B. Policy status

1. Regional and international cooperation

2. Economies in transition

3. Policy disincentives and incentives

C. Major watersheds and forested areas

1. Sustainable water

2. Participatory watershed management

3. Non-wood forest and agroforestry products

D. Dry zones

1. Land and production limitations

2. Rainfed areas

3. Irrigated production systems

4. Role of forestry and agroforestry

E. Temperate zones

1. Soil erosion and fertility decline

2. Agroforestry to sustain food production

F. Small islands

1. Traditional agroforestry systems

2. Atolls

3. Potential to enhance food security

G. Urban agroforestry

1. Importance to household food security

2. Relevance to Asia and the Pacific

3. Future prospects

Intercountry support to enhance forestry contributions to food security

A. Improving forest food production through technology exchange

1. Establishment of technology exchange system

2. Enhancing intercountry germplasm exchange

3. Study tours and field visits for technology exchange

B. Regional cooperation for intercountry trade and marketing

1. Setting up quality standards

2. Reduction or elimination of trade barriers

3. Rapid exchange of price information

C. Innovative mechanisms and partnerships among countries

1. Innovations to expand overseas markets

2. Incentives to increase investments in agroforestry

D. Policy support to encourage agroforestry production

1. Domestic policy incentives

2. Regional policy incentives

References Cited