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ANNEX 1

COUNTRY

INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS

LEGAL ASPECTS

G.O.(a)

N.G.O(b)

Research organizations

National law

Energy crops

Financial

Fuel(emissions/standards)

Austria Research and Sciences, Environment, Agriculture Economic Affairs Energy Commissioners, Energy Efficiency Agencies AMA, N▄TEK, A.B.A, BLT WIESELBURG, JOANNEUM RESEARCH Universities Federal Constitution of Austria Incentives for production, conversion and utilization Federal Government's subsidies, Provincial Governments subsidies Emission standards are determined by federal rules
Belgium Federal government, Governments of each Regions ERBE, VITO, BELBIOM Universities No RE program on a National level, only for the Wallonia and Flemish "set-aside" policy No subsidies or loans (conversion); "green frank" (utilization) No limits for wood fired emissions; no wood fuels standard
Czech Republic     A State investment support program will be in force briefly      
Denmark Environment, Energy, Agricultural Ministries, DEA, RE Council, EC Committee Carl Bo Group, Cowi consult, DTI, Elsamproject, Hedeselskabet, Center of biomass technology Biomass Institute, Electricity Act (1996) "set-aside" policy Cheap loans, subsidies of up 50% Fuel emission standards concerning CO, NOx and particulate are set
Finland Ministries of Trade and industry, of agriculture and forestry, Agrarian Party, Central Union of Farmers, local forest management associations, local agricultural centers, MOTIVA, TEKES, VTT Energy FINBIO, TTS Institutes, BIOWATTI TEKES, VTT Energy, TTS Institutes Electricity Market Act (1995)   Subsidies for investments and productions, aids to investments in heat and power plants, funds for research Fuel emission standards concerning CO, NOx and particulate are set
France Ministries of Industry, post, telecommunications and foreign trade, of higher education and research, of agriculture and fisheries, of environment, ADEME, AGRICE Biomasse normandie, Rhonalpenergie environment, AJENA, CLER, Foret energie france, CIRAD-FORET, Department des landes Centre National de recherche scientifique, Institut national de recherche agronomique, ADEME, CIRAD-FORET TIPP, Plan bois energis, EDF "set-aside" policy Grants for EC, tax relief for experimental projects, no incentives for the utilization of energy from EC Fuel emission standards concerning CO, NOx and particulate are set
Germany Ministries of Environment and Agriculture, Federal Sciences and technology Ministry, Federal Agricultural Ministry, FNR CARMEN, CENET Centre of Agricultural Engineering of the Technical university of Munich   "set-aside" policy Subsidies for capital investments, cheap loans, direct investment grants Fuel emission standards concerning CO, NOx and particulate are set. Annual or continuous monitoring on plants
Greece Ministry of Development, CRES HELLABIOM   Development law 2601/98   Subsidies for research programs, income tax allowances, no incentives for the utilization of energy from EC No limits for wood fired emissions; no wood fuels standard
Hungary              
Ireland         "set-aside" policy Financial aids for SRC, capital grants and subsidies unit cost for electricity sales; no incentives for the conversion of EC No limits for wood fired emissions; no wood fuels standard
Italy ENEA ITABIA, RENAGRI, CRAM ENEA Law 9/91, law 10/91, CIP 6/92   Investment subsidies for the production of EC, grants of up 50% Fuel emission standards concerning CO, NOx and particulate are set.
Latvia   LATVIAN ENERGY AGENCY, Energy Center RIGA LATVIAN ENERGY AGENCY Latvia National Energy Program (1997)     No limits for wood fired emissions; no wood fuels standard
Lithuania   SINGARAS          
The Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs, of Housing, Land use planning and environment, of Agriculture, Nature Management and fisheries; NOVEM CLM, BTG, KEMA, EPON ECN Environmental Action Plan "set-aside" policy Subsidy for afforestation, green funds, Vamil, tax deduction for investment and conversion, green electricity sold at a lower price No limits for wood fired emissions
Norway   NOBIO          
Poland State Forests Enterprise FEMOPET EC BREC-LEI, POLBIOM   National afforestation program      
Portugal Office of director of Energy, CBE National Board of Scientific Research and Technology, Instituto Nacional de Englaria e Tecnologia industrial Decree 189/98   Support for the use of EC, funds to develop infrastructures project No limits for wood fired emissions
Romania              
Slovakia Energy Center Bratislava     Law on energy management, Act 70/98      
Slovenia Ministry of Economic Affairs Slovenian Biomass Association          
Spain Cientro de Investigacionnes Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologica (CIEMAT) Union fenosa energias especiales, Institute catalÓ d'Energia, SODEAN CIEMAT Electricity law (1997) "set-aside" policy Subsidy up to 30% of the eligible cost for the conversion, special tariff for the utilization No limits for wood fired emissions
Sweden Sweden National Energy Administration, NUTEK, Farmers' organizations SVEBIO, TPS Termiska Processer AB NUTEK   "set-aside" policy Supports for development of clean technology, investment subsidies for the conversion of EC Wood fuel standards do not exist; wood fired emission standards are identified
Switzerland Federal Energy Office, Federal Office for Environment, Forestry and landscape Swiss Wood Fuel Association, VERENUM          
United Kingdom Department of Trade and Industry, Ministry for Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, ETSU, NRI ESD, Forestry Contracting association, LRZ Wood supply research group Environment protection Act (1990), Clean air Act (1993) Woodland Grant scheme; "set aside" policy No incentives for the conversion of EC No limits for wood fired emissions

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