Request for information

I am curious to know whether anyone has references of studies of plant populations and harvesting studies. I am interested in looking at single species harvesting as well as looking at complexes of plants within a population, and the harvesting of multiple plants from those sites. I am familiar with Gagnon's work. (Trish Flaster, Botanical Liaisons, 1180 Crestmoor Drive, Boulder, CO 80303, USA. Fax: +1 303 494 2555; e-mail:

NTFP inventory plots

Isabelle Gambetta is looking for literature and/or experience on inventory and analysis of data (multivariate) regarding NTFPs on transects plots of 20 x 50 m, every 150 m, on the foothills of the Ecuadorian Amazon. She inventories quantitatively about ten different products (ferns, fruits, fibres) and notes the presence or absence of many other products. She has found a lot of literature on one-hectare inventory, but is looking for information covering all vegetation of one community (multiple plots), i.e. secondary vegetation, pasture, virgin forests, to be able to make a comparison with her results and methods.

She would be grateful to receive any advice/literature/results on this theme since part of her Ph.D. covers the importance of non-timber forest products for some communities in the Ecuadorian Amazon (availability, market and consumption). If you have information to share, please contact Isabelle at:

Economic valuation of biodiversity: case studies in Brazil

This is to announce the availability on the Web of my recently concluded survey for Brazil's Ministry of the Environment, Economic valuation of biodiversity: case studies in Brazil. The study summarizes more than 50 biodiversity valuation studies on Brazilian biomes as a contribution to the national Strategy for Biological Diversity Conservation and Sustainable Use. The survey (in Portuguese with an English executive summary, soon to be published by MMA in hard copy) can be downloaded from:

Other recent publications available on the Web include: Corporate roles and rewards in promoting sustainable development: lessons learned from Camisea, published at as Working Paper ERG-99-I, by the University of California at Berkeley Energy and Resources Group, downloadable in pdf format. A study of the Shell Group sustainability strategy has been published in pdf format, Corporate incentives and environmental decision-making: case studies and workshop report, September 1999 (see Royal Dutch/Shell case study), as part of a HARC/NAS Private Sector Initiatives project.

I welcome your comments and criticisms. (Peter May. E-mail:

Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd

I am working in New Delhi as Deputy General Manager with Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd (Trifed), a national-level cooperative federation fully supported by the control of the Government of India, having joined in 1988. The basic objective of our organization is to help the tribals/indigenous people of India by procuring their NTFPs through our branches and members network in India and marketing the same, in turn, assuring fair economic/remunerative prices to the tribals. Their total population in India is 67 millions. Marketing NTFPs is their main source of livelihood but it is facing a variety of problems - institutional, logistic and financial as well as on policy fronts. There are opportunities for research that could lead to enhanced inccome for the tribal peoples on a sustainable basis. Some outstanding issues requiring priority attention could be resolved by adequate research work.

May I seek your assistance in finding out the names of other institutes which could help me to take up a research project in areas concerning non-timber forest products; participatory forest management; institutional management in India; regulatory/policy framework on NTFPs for ethical trade initiative. (M.M. Lohia, Deputy General Manager, Trifed, 2nd floor, NCUI Building, August Kranti Marg, New Delhi 110016, India. E-mail:;

Biodiversity in India

India is one of the 12 countries in the world that are rich in biodiversity. It holds 70 percent of world species diversity and has about 45 000 known plant species. According to the World Health Organization, about 80 percent of all therapies in use are made from herbs, with estimates that place the value at US$12.6 billion worldwide. In the United States, industry experts estimate that sales of herbs and herb supplement products now exceed US$3 billion, accounting for about one quarter of the world's total.

People for Animals is a charitable trust formed to campaign the cause of animal welfare, biodiversity and the environment. The main aims of our society are to: encourage innovative programmes on the wise management of the earth's natural resources; reduce deforestation and to encourage efficient renewable use of natural, human and human-made resources; enhance the quality of life through the conservation of the environment; promote marketing techniques that can provide income for community-based groups; undertake research in the conservation of the natural environment and the sustainable utilization of the natural resources of Madhya Pradesh.

(Dr R. Sugandhi, Coordinator (Medicinal Plants) and President, People for Animals Bhopal, 179 Kalpana Nagar, Bhopal 462021, M.P., India. E-mail: )

Temperate broadleaved trees and their multiple products

The world's temperate broadleaved trees and forests provide a vast array of products that are beneficial to humans. Not only is the wood of many temperate broadleaved trees highly valued as a source of timber or fuelwood, but these trees also provide a vast range of important non-wood forest products (NWFP), such as cork, flowers as nectar sources for special honeys, maple syrup, tannins, fruits, nuts, mushrooms and so on.
A forthcoming publication in the FAO NWFP series describes these important NWFPs from temperate
broadleaved trees, and is a companion volume to an earlier publication, Non-wood forest products from conifers.