The second Meeting of FAO and non-FAO Regional Fishery Bodies (RFBs) or Arrangements was held at FAO Headquarters, Rome, on 20 and 21 February 2001. Representatives from 24 bodies participated. The agenda had four main items: external factors that may have an impact on the work of RFBs and fisheries management; indicators to assess the performance of RFBs; cooperation in global status and trend reporting in fisheries; and a review of some emerging issues in fisheries. The Meeting acknowledged in principle the need to develop performance indicators and related guidelines; saw merit in the concept of an international plan of action on status and trend reporting in fisheries; expressed support for the draft plan on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing; and stressed the need for both effective criteria and processes in making decisions on listing and delisting in CITES, emphasizing the need for inclusion of appropriate scientific evaluation. The Meeting agreed that closer collaboration between RFBs and the Regional Seas Convention Bodies was essential.