10.1 Camp Design Plans
10.2 Water Supply
10.3 Waste Disposal
10.4 Domestic Waste Water
10.5 Refuse Disposal
10.6 Water Ponding
10.7 Additional Facilities
To provide safe and healthy living and working conditions for
Hygiene requirements should meet or exceed the ILO standards in all existing and new camp areas.
Detailed site plans should include designs for sewage, water supply, waste water and waste disposal for new camp areas proposed for construction or expansion each year.
Camps to be designed to prevent pollution.
Location of permanent camps should be shown in the Long-Term Plan.
Camps must be supplied with potable water obtained from running streams, rainwater or wells.
Water storage tanks should be properly screened to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes.
Pit toilets should be located at least 100 m away from surface water bodies used for drinking water.
Sewage should be discharged so it does not enter:
- the catchment of drinking water supplies/intakes;All drains should be kept covered.
- into a stream;
- into the ocean at any point where it may cause a health risk to camp personnel or nearby communities.
Should be directed to a disposal area at least 20 m away from the nearest building.
All drains should be kept covered.
Provide refuse disposal areas:
- in pits that are above the water table;Cover refuse with soil to a depth of 30 cm, at least once per week.
- where runoff water cannot enter;
- at least 50 m from any water body or watercourse.
Camp areas should be well drained so that water does not pond or create mosquito breeding areas.
Additional facilities in camps should include:
spiritual, where appropriate.