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10. Camp Hygiene

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10. Camp Hygiene


10.1 Camp Design Plans
10.2 Water Supply
10.3 Waste Disposal
10.4 Domestic Waste Water
10.5 Refuse Disposal
10.6 Water Ponding
10.7 Additional Facilities

OBJECTIVES

To provide safe and healthy living and working conditions for camp personnel.


The ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Forest Work provides sound guidelines on camp hygiene and should be consulted.

10.1 Camp Design Plans

Hygiene requirements should meet or exceed the ILO standards in all existing and new camp areas.

Detailed site plans should include designs for sewage, water supply, waste water and waste disposal for new camp areas proposed for construction or expansion each year.

Camps to be designed to prevent pollution.

Location of permanent camps should be shown in the Long-Term Plan.

10.2 Water Supply

Camps must be supplied with potable water obtained from running streams, rainwater or wells.

Water storage tanks should be properly screened to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes.

10.3 Waste Disposal

Pit toilets should be located at least 100 m away from surface water bodies used for drinking water.

Sewage should be discharged so it does not enter:

- the catchment of drinking water supplies/intakes;

- into a stream;

- into the ocean at any point where it may cause a health risk to camp personnel or nearby communities.

All drains should be kept covered.

10.4 Domestic Waste Water

Should be directed to a disposal area at least 20 m away from the nearest building.

All drains should be kept covered.

10.5 Refuse Disposal

Provide refuse disposal areas:

- in pits that are above the water table;
- where runoff water cannot enter;
- at least 50 m from any water body or watercourse.
Cover refuse with soil to a depth of 30 cm, at least once per week.

10.6 Water Ponding

Camp areas should be well drained so that water does not pond or create mosquito breeding areas.

10.7 Additional Facilities

Additional facilities in camps should include:

medical;
educational;
recreational; and
spiritual, where appropriate.


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