Amir, Pervaiz, and Hendrik C. Knipscheer. 1987. On-Farm Animal Research/Extension and Its Economic Analysis. Winrock International, Morrilton, Ark.
Anderson, J.M., and T. Spencer. 1989. Carbon, nutrient and water balances of tropical rainforest ecosytems subject to disturbance and implications for management. Man and Biosphere Workshop on Ecology an s Substainability of Tropical Rainforest Management. Paris (Sept.).
Anderson, J.M. 1988. invertebrate-mediated transport processes. Agric. Ecosystems and Environ. 24:5-19.
Artz, N. 1985. Must communal grazing lead to tragedy? pp. 146-156. In: L.D. White and J.A. Tiedeman (eds), Proceedings of the 1985 International Rangelands Resource Development Symposium. Society for Range Management, Denver, Colo.
Asian Development Bank. 1985. Regional workshop on livestock production management: the proceedings, Manila.
Biswanger, Hans P. 1991. Brazilian policies that encourage deforestation in the Amazon. World Development, 19(7):821-829.
Brandt, J. 1988. The transformation of rainfall energy by a tropical rainforest canopy in relation to soil erosion. J. Biogeogr. 15:41-48.
Brewer, M.B. 1979. Intergroup bias in the minimal inter-group situation: A cognitive motivational analysis. Psychological Bulletin 86:307-324.
Bromley, D.W. and M.M. Cernea. 1989. The management of common property natural resources: Some conceptual and operational fallacies. World Bank Discussion Paper 57. World Bank., Washington, D.C.
Brooks, Karen and Zvi Lerman. 1993. Land reform and farm restructuring in Russia: 1992 status. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 75: 1254-1259.
Buckwell, Allan and Sofia Davidova. 1993. Potential implications for productivity of land reform in Bulgaria. Food Policy 18: 493-506.
Byerlee, Derek and Edith Hesse de Planco. 1982. The rate and sequence of adoption of improved cereal technologies: the case of rainfed barley in the Mexican Altiplano. CIMMYT economics program working paper 82/4. International Maiz and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico.
Chakravarti, A.K. 1987. Availability of cattle fodder in India. Geographical Review, 77:209-217.
Chasteen, John C. 1991. Background to Civil War: The process of land tenure in Brazil's southern borderland, 1801-1893. Hispanic American Historical Review, 71(4):737-760.
Cheng Xu, and James R. Simpson. 1989. Biological Recycle Farming in the People's Republic of China: The Doudian Village Experiment. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 4(1):3-7.
Ciriacy-Wantrup, S.V., and R.C. Bishop. 1975. Common property as a concept in natural resource policy. Natural Resources Journal 15:713-727.
Collins, A.R. and F.H. Obermiller. 1992. Interdependence between public and private land markets. Journal of Range Management 45: 183-186.
Compton, J. Lin. 1989. The Transformation of International Agricultural Research and Development. Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder, Colo.
Curran, Paul. 1987. Life on the Loess. Geographical Magazine 59: 382-384.
Dickie, A. and J.T. O'Rourke. (1984). An applied approach to range management in Sub-Saharan Africa In: Simpson, J.R. and P. Evangelou (eds). Livestock Development in Subsaharan Africa. Westview Press, Boulder, Colo.
Eden, M.J., D.D.M. McGregor, and N.A.Q. Vieira. 1990. Pasture development on cleared forest land in northern Amazonia. Geographical J. 156:283-296.
FAO. 1993. Forest Resources Assessment, 1990: Tropical Countries, FAO Forestry Paper 112. Rome.
FAO. 1989. FAO Graphic Reference Data Bases: Situation as of 1989. Rome.
FAO. 1988. TAC Secretariat. CGIAR Priorities and Future Strategies. FAO, Rome.
Fearnside, Philip M. 1993. Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: The effect of population and land tenure. Ambio, 22(8):537-545.
Fearnside, P.M. 1979. Cattle yield prediction for the Transamazon highway of Brazil. Interciencia 4:220-225.
Fleischner, Thomas L. (1994). Ecological costs of livestock grazing in Western North America. Conservation Biology, 8(3):629-644.
Gillis, Anna Maria. 1991. Should cows chew cheatgtrass on commonlands? BioScience, 41(10):668-675.
Harbaugh, William H. (1992). Twentieth century tenancy and soil conservation: some comparisons and questions. Agricultural history, 66(2): 95-119.
Hardin, G. (1968). The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, 162: 1243-48.
Harwood, Richard. 1979. Small farm development: understanding and improving farming systems in the humid tropics. Boulder, Colo. Westview Press.
Hecht, S.B. 1981. Deforestation in the Amazon basin:magnitude, dynamics and soil resource effects. Studies in Third World Societies 13:663-684.
Hecht, Susanna B. 1993. The logic of livestock and deforestation in Amazonia. Bioscience, 43(10):687-695.
Hecht, Susanna B. 1985. Environment, development and politics: Capital accumulation and the livestock sector in eastern Amazonia. World Development, 13(6):663-684.
Hildebrand, Peter E. 1981. Combining Disciplines in Rapid Appraisal: The Sondeo Approach. Agricultural Administration 8:423-432.
Inns, F.M. 1980. Animal power and animal production systems with special reference to Tanzania. Energy and agriculture, CNV 171. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Kenworthy, Tom. 1995. Dueling with the Forest Service: Western ranchers have launched a revolt over federal public land policies. The Washington Post National Weekend Edition, February 27-March 5.
Kesseba, Abbar M. (ed). 1989. Technology Systems for Small Farmers: Issues and Options. Westview Press: Boulder, Colo.
LaBaume, Jimmy T. and Bill E. Dahl. 1986. Communal grazing: The case of the Mexican ejido. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 41:24-27.
Lal, R. 1981. Deforestation of tropical rainforest and hydrological problems. pp. 131-140. In: R. Lal and E.W. Russell (eds.) Tropical agricultural hydrology. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. Chichester, UK.
Leeming, Frank. 1989. Rural change and agricultural development. Geography 74:348-350.
Lloyd, C.R. and A. de O. Margues Filho. 1988. Spatial variability of rainfall interception measurements in Amazonian rainforest. Agric. and For. Met. 442:63-73.
McCarl, Bruce A. and Ray F. Brokken. 1985. An economic analysis of alternative grazing fee systems. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 67(4): 769-78.
Machado, Manuel A. 1981. The north Mexico cattle industry, 1910 - 1975: ideology, conflict and change. Texas A&M University Press. College Station, Tex.
Majd, Mohammad, G. (1987). Land reform policies in Iran. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 67: 843-848.
Milikan, Brent H. 1992. Tropical deforestation, land degradation and society: Lessons from Rondônia, Brazil. Latin American Perspectives, 19(1):45-72.
Mohamad, W. 1987. Integration of small ruminants with rubber and oil palm cultivation in Malaysia. In: Small Ruminant Production Systems in South and Southeast Asia. Devendra, C. Ed. IDRC. Ottawa, pp. 239-256.
Murphree, M.W. 1993. Communities as resource management institutions. Gatekeeper Series No. 36. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.
Nordblom, T.L., A.K.H. Ahmed and G.R. Potts. 1985. Research Methodology for livestock on- farm trials. International Development Research Center, Ottawa, Canada.
Norman, D.W. 1982. Farming systems in the Nigerian savana: research and strategies for development. Westview Press. Boulder Colo.
Norman, D.W., D.H. Pryor and C.J.N. Gibbs. 1979. Technical change and the small farmer in Hausaland, Northern Nigeria. African rural economy paper no. 21. African Rural Economy Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Mich.
Nortcliff, S., and J.B. Thornes. 1981. Seasonal variations in the hydrology of a small forested catchment near Manaus, Amazonas, and the implications for its management. In: Lal, R. and E.W. Russell (eds.) Tropical Agricultural Hydrology. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Chichester. UK.
Odend'hal, Stewart. 1988. Human and cattle population changes in deltaic west Bengal, India between 1977-1987. Human Ecology, 16(1): 23-33.
Ostrom, E. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Parawan, O. And H.B. Ovalo. 1987. Integration of small ruminants with coconuts in the Phillippines. In: Small Ruminant Production Systems in South and Southeast Asia. Devendra, C. Ed. IDRC. Ottawa, pp. 269-279.
Partridge, William L. 1984. The humid tropics cattle ranching complex: Cases from Panama reviewed. Human Organization, 43(1): 76-80
Poleman, T.T. and D.K. Freebairn. 1973. Food, population and employment: the impact of the green revolution. Praeger Publishers, New York.
Powers, David, S. 1989. Orientalism, colonialism and legal history: The attack on Muslim family endowments in Algeria and India. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 31:535-571.
Preston, Thomas R. 1990. Future strategies for livestock production in tropical third world countries. Ambio 19(8):390-393.
Quigley, Thomas, John A. Tanaka, H.Reed Sanderson and Arthur R. Tiedmann. (1991). Economically optimal private land grazing for the Blue Mountains of eastern Oregon. Journal of Range Management, 44(1): 38-42.
Raich, J.W. 1983. Throughfall and stem flow in mature and year-old wet tropical forest. Trop. Ecol. 24:57-133.
Ramaswamy, N.S. 1979. The management of animal energy resources and the modernization of the bullock-cart system. 2nd edition. Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, India.
Rasmussen, Wayne D. 1989. Taking the University to the People: Seventy-Five Years of Cooperative Extension. Iowa State University Press: Ames, Ia.
Reh, Ingeborg, and Peter Horst. 1985. Beef Production from Draught Cows in Small-Scale Farming. Q.J. Inter. Agr. 24 (March):38-47.
Reynolds, S.G. 1988. Pastures and cattle under coconuts. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 91. FAO, Rome.
Rich, B.M. (1985). The multilateral development banks, environmental policy and the United States. Ecology Law Quarterly, 12: 681-745.
Rivera, William M. and Daniel J. Gustofson (ed). 1991. Agricultural Extension: Worldwide Institutional Evolution and Forces for Change. Elsevier Science Publishers: Amsterdam.
Ross, S.M., J.B. Thornes, and S. Northcliff. 1990. II. Soil hydrology, nutrient and erosional response to the clearance of terra firme forest, Maraca Island, Roraima, northern Brazil. The Geographical J. 136:267-282.
Rosset, Peter and Medea Benjamin. 1994. Two steps back, one step forward: Cuba's National Policy for alternative agriculture. IIED Gatekeeper Series No. 26. International Institute for Environment and Development, London. 27 pp.
Ruangpanit, N. 1985. Percent crown cover related to water and soil losses in mountainous forest in Thailand. pp. 462-71 In: S.A. El-Swaify, W.C. Moldenhauer and A. Lo (eds) Soil Erosion and Conservation. Soil Conversation Society of America, Ankeney, Ia.
Runge C.F. 1986. Common property and the collective action in economic development. World Development, 14(5): 623-635.
Runge, C.F. 1981. Common property externalities: isolation, assurance, and resource depletion in a traditional grazing context. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 63(4): 595-606.
Sere, C. 1994. Characterisation and Quantification of Livestock Production Systems. FAO/OPHD.
Scoones, Ian. 1989. Economic and ecological carrying capacity implications for livestock development in the dryland areas of Zimbabwe. Overseas Development Institute, Pastoral Development Network, London.
Serrao, E.A.S., and J.M. Toledo. 1988. Sustaining pasture-based production systems for the humid tropics. Paper presented at MAB Conference on Conversion of Tropical Forests to Pasture in Latin America, Oaxaca, Mexico, October.
Serrao, E.A.S. 1978. Productivity of pastures cultivated in low fertility soils in forested areas of the Brazilian tropics. pp. 71-73. In: Empresa Brasileiro de Pesquisa Agropecuaria, Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Tropico Umido. Balem, Brazil.
Shaner, W.W., P.F. Philipp and W.R. Schmehl. 1981. Farming systems research and development: guidelines for developing countries. Consortium for International Development, Washington, D.C.
Sheehy, D.P. and J.R. Conner. 1993. Mongolia: National Grazingland Management Program. Washington, D.C. World Bank Report, National Grazing Land Management Consultancy. 56pp.
Simpson, James R. and Ou Li. 1995. Feasibility Analysis for Development of Northern China's Beef Industry and Grazing Lands. Journal of Range Management. (In review).
Simpson, James R. 1994. Driving Forces: Economics of Animal Agriculture in Relation to Natural Resources. Proceedings. Animal Agriculture and Natural Resources in Central America: Strategies for Sustainability. AID-RUCAP, San Jose, Costa Rica, March, pp. 67-82.
Simpson, James R. 1993. Urbanization, agro-ecological zones and food production sustainability. Outlook on Agriculture, 22: 233-239.
Simpson, J.R. and J.H. Conrad. 1993. Intensification of cattle production systems in central America: Why and when? Dairy Science, 76: 1744-1752.
Simpson, James R. 1992. Livestock Inventory and Feedstuffs Requirements in Southeast Asia and China: Projections to 2025. Proceedings, Sixth Annual AAAP Animal Science Congress, Vol. 1, Bangkok, pp. 375-394.
Simpson, James R. 1988. The Economics of Livestock Systems in Developing Countries: Farm and Project Analysis. Boulder, Colo., Westview Press.
Simpson, James R. 1983. Identification of Goals and Strategies in Designing Technological Change for Developing Countries. Transferring Food Technology to Developing Nations: Economic and Social Perspectives, ed. Molnor, J.J., and H.A. Clonts, pp. 29-41. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
Simpson, James R. 1979. Uses of Cultural Anthropology in Economic Analysis: A Papago Case. Human Organization, 29 (3) Fall:162-168.
Soberon-Ferrer, Horacio, and Leslie A. Whittington. 1993. The fertility incentive of land tenure in Mexico. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 75: 1249-1253.
Stuth, Jerry W., Robert K. Lyons, and Urs P. Kreuter. 1993. Animal/plant interactions: Nutrient acquisition and use by ruminants. In: Mark Powell (ed.), Proceedings of Conference on Livestock and Sustainable Nutrient Cycling in Mixed Farming Systems of Sub-Saharan Africa, 22-26 November 1993. ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Swepston Lee and Roger Plant. 1985. International standards and the protection of the land rights of indigenous and tribal populations. International Labor review, 124(1): 91-106.
Tergas, L.E. (ed.). 1992. Pasture production in acid soils in the tropics. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical. Cali, Colombia.
Troendle, C.A. 1985. Variable source area models. pp. 347-404 In: M.G. Anderson, T.P. Burt (eds.) Hydrological forcasting. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. Chichester, UK.
U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. 1992. A New Technological Era for American Agriculture. OTA-F-474. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). 1984. Commercial Biotechnology: An International Analysis. OTA-BA-218. Springfield, Va.: National Technical Information Service.
Vaidyanathan, A., K.N. Nair and M. Harris. (1982). Bovine sex and species ratios in India. Current Anthropology, 23(4): 365-373.
Van Vuuren, W. and P. Ysselstein. (1986). Relationship between land tenure and soil productivity. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 66: 357-366.
Vera, R.R., R. Thomas, L. Sanint, and J.I. Sanz. 1992. Development of sustainable ley-farming systems for the acid-soil savannas of tropical America. An. Acad. Bras. Ci. 64 (Supl.1):105-125.
Vis, M. 1986. Interception, drop size distributions and rainfall kinetic energy in four Colombian forest ecosystems. Earch Surf. Proc. and Landforms 11:591-603.
Wiersum F. 1985. Effects of various vegetation layers of an Acacia auriculiformis forest plantation on surface erosion in Java, Indonesia. pp. 79-89. In: S.A. El-Swaify, W.C. Moldenhauer and A. Lo (eds) Soil Erosion and Conservation. Soil Conversation Society of America, Ankeney, Ia.
Williams, Suzanne. 1983. Land rights and the manipulation of identity: Official indian policy in Brazil. Journal of Latin American Studies, 15(1): 137-161.
Wilson, P.N., D.E. Ray and G.B. Ruyle. (1987). A model for assessing investments in intensive grazing technology. Journal of Range Management, 40(5): 401-404.
World Resources Institute. 1994. World Resources 1994-95. New York: Oxford University Press.
World Resources Institute. 1992. World Resources 1992-93. New York: Oxford University Press.
World Resources Institute. 1990. World Resources, 1990-91. Oxford University Press, New York.
Zimmer, Carl. 1995. How to make a desert. Discovery,