Targeting for Nutrition Improvement

RESOURCES FOR ADVANCING
NUTRITIONAL WELL-BEING


Nutrition Planning, Assessment and Evaluation Service
Food and Nutrition Division
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2001

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FAO 2001


Contents

Foreword

Introduction

CHAPTER ONE

Targeting for Nutrition Improvement

What is targeting?

What are the benefits of targeting ?

Potential negative effects of targeted programmes

The cost of targeting

CHAPTER TWO

Targeting Practices

Administrative targeting

Community-based targeting

Self-targeting

Market-based targeting

Geographic and regional targeting

Household and individual targeting

CHAPTER THREE

Planning and Designing for a Targeting Scheme

Designing a targeting scheme

Assessing resources

Cost comparisons across targeting schemes

Selecting indicators for targeting

Using proxy indicators

Selecting eligibility criteria

Identifying and screening programme beneficiaries

CHAPTER FOUR

Assessing and Monitoring Targeting Effectiveness

Understanding targeting effectiveness

Correcting targeting errors

CHAPTER FIVE

Types of Targeted Food and Nutrition Programmes

Supplementary feeding programmes

Food fortification programmes

Supplementation programmes

School feeding programmes

Food-for-work programmes

Nutrition education and consumer
awareness programmes

CHAPTER SIX

Conclusions and Necessary Actions

Rationale for targeting

Targeting effectiveness

Targeting costs

Areas for action

ANNEX

Experiences in Targeting Nutrition Programmes

Targeted relief food aid

Targeted food stamp programmes

Targeted school feeding programmes

Targeted integrated nutrition programmes

Targeted supplementary feeding programmes

Targeted food subsidies

BIBLIOGRAPHY