Global report on validated alternatives to the use of methyl bromide for soil fumigation

FAO
PLANT
PRODUCTION
AND PROTECTION
PAPER

166

Edited by
R. Labrada
and
L. Fornasari

Contacts:

Mr. N. A. Van der Graaff
Chief, Plant Protection Service
Plant Production and Protection Division
FAO
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome, Italy
E-mail: Niek.VanDerGraaff@fao.org
Tel. +39-0657053441
Fax. +39-0657056347
Internet: www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/AGRICULT/AGPP/IPM/Weeds/Deafult.htm or
www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/AGRICULT/AGPP/IPM/Web_Brom/Deafult.htm

Mr. Rajendra Shende, Chief, Energy and OzonAction Unit
UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
OzonAction Programme
39-43, quai André Citroën
75739 Paris Cedex 15 France
Email: ozonaction@unep.fr
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 50
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
www.uneptie.org/ozonaction.html


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-104633-6

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to copyright@fao.org

© FAO and UNEP 2001


CONTENTS

PREFACE

List of Contributors

List of Acronyms

CHAPTER I: LATIN AMERICA

ALTERNATIVES FOR THE REPLACEMENT OF METHYL BROMIDE IN ARGENTINA

L. A. Salles*, D. A. Sosa** and A. Valeiro**

 

EFFECTIVE ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE IN BRAZIL

L. A. Salles

CHAPTER II: NORTH AMERICA

FIELD VALIDATION OF METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES IN FLORIDA FRESH MARKET VEGETABLE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

D.O. Chellemi.

CHAPTER III: SOUTHERN EUROPE

ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE FOR SOIL FUMIGATION IN SPAIN

A. Bello*, J. A. López-Pérez*, L. Díaz-Viruliche*, J. Tello**


AVAILABLE ALTERNATIVES FOR ITALY

M. L. Gullino

CHAPTER IV: ASIA

APPROACHES FOR THE REDUCTION OF THE USE OF METHYL BROMIDE AND ALTERNATIVES IN JAPAN

A. Tateya

CHAPTER V: AFRICA

PROMISING ALTERNATIVES IN KENYA AND MOROCCO

M. Ammati* and B. Nyambo**

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

APPENDIXES