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FMD epidemics in the United Kingdom
Origin of the concept
Livestock Early Warning System
TOWARDS A GLOBAL EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FOR ANIMAL DISEASES
The concept of a global early warning system for priority transboundary animal diseases (TADs) of livestock was initially raised during the review of the EMPRES programme in 1996 (expert consultation, 24-26 July 1996). This became necessary in order to help member countries to be better prepared to fight animal diseases of an epizootic nature.
THE FRUIT OF LESSONS LEARNED OVER THE YEARS
In cataloguing some of the experiences with early warning systems given in this bulletin, several important points should be taken into consideration - the fruit of lessons learned over the years during TAD outbreaks and of experience in their control. The examples chosen cover a worldwide geographical area and range from smaller outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease to those that developed into epidemic proportions.
TRADITIONAL EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS
Traditional early warning systems represent the whole body of knowledge developed early in the 1900s among pastoral communities to anticipate the coming of rains and thus enable them to mitigate the effect of droughts on their livestock - the backbone of their livelihoods.
The recent study by Dr Christopher Pratt of Tufts University (United States) shows the importance of traditional early warning systems and coping strategies in pastoralist communities of East Africa.