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2. Staff and Stakeholder Competencies

2.1 Forest Harvesting Competency-Based Requirements
2.2 Minimum Competency Standards


To ensure that all staff who engage in forest planning, harvest planning, and harvesting operations are competent in the use and maintenance of equipment and are able to carry out their assigned tasks effectively and efficiently.

To ensure those staffs responsible for particular tasks understand the requirements of those tasks.

2.1 Forest Harvesting Competency-Based Requirements

Skills and training needs assessment along with the development of minimum competency standards for forest harvesting operations should be undertaken prior to the implementation of any code of practice.

Training programs and regular refresher courses for forest concession employees and Forest Authority staff and local villagers (where appropriate) should be developed and conducted. Properly trained staff, or workers with the necessary competencies for undertaking forest harvesting and associated activities, work more safely and effectively. This leads to more efficient work practices with less downtime from injuries and machinery breakdowns.

Training should be undertaken to ensure competencies in the following areas:

Planning and survey

Understanding codes of practice and their requirements for:

- watercourse class recognition and buffer zones;
- road location, alignment and construction;
- skid track location, alignment and construction;
- navigation techniques and equipment (e.g., compass and GPS).
Inventory and mensuration.

Tree identification.

Aerial photography and interpretation.

Road design and survey.

Watercourse crossing location and construction.

Correct marking and recording of survey information.

Stakeholder consultation

Equipment operation and maintenance

Certification of skills and competencies from a recognised training institution for equipment operators (e.g., for chainsaws, boats, harvesting and transport machines).

Specific competencies in safe work practices as indicated in ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Forest Work.

Understanding by staff of the requirements of the Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific or national codes and their individual tasks.

Harvesting and associated procedures

All staff engaged in harvesting and associated procedures are competent to meet the needs of their position, including:

- species recognition;

- determining accurate log length and diameter measurement and assessing defect allowance;

- tree and log marking requirements;

Certification of all log measurers.

Harvesting monitoring and post-harvest evaluation

Forest authorities, companies and training institutions should negotiate a target date for certification or attainment of competencies of all machinery and equipment operators.

2.2 Minimum Competency Standards

It is desirable that minimum competency standards be developed for each of the following vocations:


forest harvesting planners;

machine operators (e.g., for loaders, skidders);

tree fellers;

log measurers;

animal handlers, truck drivers, railway operators, helicopter pilots, skyline operators, boat and barge operators;

safety officers.

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