CASE STUDY ON EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES
FOR HILL TRIBES IN NORTHERN THAILAND


Implications for sustainable rural development



Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok
Thailand 2002

RAP publication 2002/05

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Senior Extension, Education and Communications Officer, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road, Bangkok 10200 Thailand.

Photo Credits: R. Fujioka
FAO, 2002
For additional copies of this publication, please write to:
Senior Extension, Education and Communications Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road, Bangkok 10200 Thailand


TABLE OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

SUMMARY

ACRONYMS

1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Purpose of the research

1.2 Methodology

1.3 Hill tribes in Thailand - general background

2 GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND SUPPORT PROGRAMMES

2.1 Government policies

2.1.1 The national economic and social development plans

2.1.2 The Master Plan on Community Development, Environment and Narcotic Crop Control in Highland Areas

2.2 Support programmes

2.2.1 The Department of Non-Formal Education

2.2.2 The Department of Agricultural Extension

2.2.3 The Department of Public Welfare

3 IMPLEMENTING POLICIES: ANALYSIS OF CRUCIAL ISSUES

3.1 Participation of and communication with hill tribe communities

3.2 Local curriculum development

3.3 Local capacity-building

3.4 Inter-organizational collaboration

4 FUTURE PROSPECTS




ANNEXES

Annex I: References

Annex II: Interviews

Annex III: Location map

Annex IV: Monitoring of the Second Master Plan on Community Development, Environment and Narcotic Crop Control in Highland Areas (1997-2001) - summary

Annex V: DNFE CLC

Annex VI: DNFE primary education for hill area community curriculum 1999

Annex VII: DOAE highland agricultural extension structure

Annex VIII: DOAE highland community agricultural services and technology transfer centres: examples of activities

Annex IX: DPW hill tribe public welfare and development structure

Annex X: DPW hill tribe welfare and development in 1999 and 2000



BOXES

Box 1: FAO and education

Box 2: International Year of Mountains

Box 3: Hill tribes in Thailand

Box 4: ATTC, Ban Huai Soi, Hang Dong district

Box 5: JOCV assistance to DPW

Box 6: Inter Mountain Peoples Education and Culture in Thailand Association (IMPECT)

Box 7: Radio

Box 8: The IMPECT experience

Box 9: The Royal project

Box 10: Community colleges