Africa report

ZAMBIA

Area: 741 000 sq.km
Climate: Tropical wet-dry, one rainy season (November-April)
Population: 9.20 million (1995 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 370 (1993)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; land-locked country
Logistics: Imports through Dar es Salaam (Tanzania); inadequate rail and road connections
Major foodcrops: Maize, roots, tubers
Marketing year: May/April; Lean season: March-May
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 70 percent


CURRENT SITUATION

Only light rains were received in most parts of the country during the third dekad of October. Little rain was recorded during the first dekad of November but widespread rainfall has reached most of the country since mid-November. Cumulative rainfall so far has been normal to above normal throughout the country, except in eastern areas. This favoured continued coarse grain plantings in December.

The Government’s emergency seed supply programme has started but sed distribution appears to be delayed in some areas, including the Zambezi district.

The food security situation remains very tight as commercial imports remain small. To meet the food relief requirement, estimated by the government at 88 000 tons, pledges by donors stand at 76 000 tons and deliveries at 37 000 tons.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1995/96 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal production 53 9 1 348 1 410
Normal imports (incl. re-exports) 35 4 65 104
of which: Structural food aid 25 - 45 70
1995/96 Domestic availability 50 12 842 904
1995 Production 50 12 820 882
Possible stock drawdown - - 22 22
1995/96 Utilization 95 21 1 365 1 481
Food use 90 19 1 175 1 284
of which: local purchase requirements - - (20) (20)
Non-food use 5 2 190 197
1995/96 Import Requirement 45 9 523 577 1/
Anticipated commercial imports 45 9 435 489
Food aid needs - - 88 88
of which: Emergency - - 88 88
Current Aid Position
Food aid pledges - - 76 76
of which: Delivered - - 37 37
Donor-financed local purchases - - 20 20
Estimated per caput consumption (kg/year) 10 2 135 147
Indexes
1995 production as % of normal: 63
1995/96 import requirement as % of normal: 555
1995/96 food aid requirement as % of normal (including refugee needs): 126

1/ Excluding food assistance required for refugees.

TOC