Africa report

MOZAMBIQUE

Area: 784 000 sq.km
Climate: Tropical wet-dry; coast is semi-arid
Population: 15.53 million (1995 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 80 (1993)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; exposed to tropical storms and cyclones
Logistics: Dilapidated rail and road transport fleet; lack of fuel and spares; poor roads; substantial deliveries by coastal vessels; disruption by guerrillas
Major foodcrops: Roots, tubers, maize
Marketing year: May/April; Lean season: February-April
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 53 percent


CURRENT SITUATION

The seasonal rains commenced in October in the southern and central provinces, moving gradually to the centre during the second dekad of November. The maize crop is at the vegetative stage in these provinces and the general state of the crop is good. In northern areas, where the onset of the rainy season was in late November, some planting activity is underway. Seed supply appears to be slightly below normal compared to fertilizers and pesticides which are reported to be available in sufficient quantities.

Following the good 1994/95 cereal crop, the country’s import needs for 1995/96 have been considerably reduced and the overall food supply situation has improved significantly. Nevertheless Mozambique’s food aid requirement is estimated at some 360 000 tons for 1995/96. Pledge so far made fully cover the requirement, but 227 000 tons have been delivered.. An estimated 650 000 people currently require emergency food assistance. Transportation difficulties continue to hamper food relief programmes in rural areas.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1995/96 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal production - 33 458 491
Normal imports (incl. re-exports) 102 60 244 406
of which: Structural food aid 102 52 408 562
1995 Production - 76 1 012 1 088
1995/96 Utilization 133 168 1 233 1 534
Food use 133 162 1 113 1 408 1/
of which: local purchase requirements - - (25) (25)
Non-food use - 6 120 126
1995/96 Import Requirement 133 92 221 446
Anticipated commercial imports 43 41 - 84
Food aid needs 90 51 221 362
of which: Emergency - - 104 104
Current Aid Position
Food aid pledges 113 55 198 366
of which: Delivered 73 31 123 227
Donor-financed local purchases - - 10 10
Estimated per caput consumption (kg/year) 8 11 70 89
Indexes
1995 production as % of normal: 222
1996 import requirement as % of normal: 110
1996 food aid requirement as % of normal (including refugee needs): 64

1/ Includes needs of returnees from neighbouring countries.


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