Africa report

NIGERIA

Area: 911 000 sq.km
Climate: Mostly tropical wet-dry, south-west tropical wet, extreme north semi-arid
Population: 123 million (1995 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 310 (1993)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; coastal country
Logistics: Ports adequate, roads inadequate during rainy season
Major foodcrops: Roots and tubers, coarse grains, rice
Marketing year: July/June; Lean season: April-May
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 43 percent


CURRENT SITUATION

After poor rains in early September, precipitation increased in the south and remained widespread in the north. In October and early November, rains stopped, first in the extreme north and gradually in the centre remaining abundant in the south. In the north, the second maize crop is developing satisfactorily. Upland rice has been harvested. Millet, sorghum and swamp rice are maturing or harvested. Areas planted are above average and a bumper harvest is expected in all ecological zones, despite the scarcity and high prices of fertilizers. No serious outbreak of pest or diseases have been reported.

Following a good harvest in 1994, the overall food supply situation is satisfactory. The government has launched an economic recovery program to support agricultural production. The commodities covered include cereals sugarcane, roots and tubers, vegetables, tree crops, fibre crops, beef, dairy, hogs, poultry and fish. The National Council on Agriculture also adopted proposals to promote production of irrigated wheat and rice during the 1995/96 season.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1995/96 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal production 48 2 050 11 500 13 598
Normal imports (incl. re-exports) 700 300 75 1 075
of which: Structural food aid - - - -
1995/96 Domestic availability 95 2 712 13 602 16 409
1995 Production 35 2 712 13 602 16 349
Possible stock drawdown 60 - - 60
1995/96 Utilization 895 2 962 13 672 17 529
Food use 894 2 112 10 800 13 806
Non-food use 1 750 2 372 3 123
Exports - - 100 100
Possible stock build-up - 100 400 500
1995/96 Import Requirement 800 250 70 1 120
Anticipated commercial imports 800 250 70 1 120
Food aid needs - - - -
Current Aid Position
Food aid pledges - - - -
of which: Delivered - - - -
Estimated per caput consumption (kg/year) 8 19 98 125
Indexes
1995 production as % of normal: 120
1995/96 import requirement as % of normal: 104
1995/96 food aid requirement as % of normal: -

TOC