Africa report

ANGOLA

Area: 1 247 000 sq.km
Climate: Coastal desert, south-west semi-arid, rest tropical wet-dry, with rains in Sept.-April
Population: 10.67 million (1995 estimate), G.N.P. per caput U.S.$ 970 (1990)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; infrastructure devastated by prolonged civil strife
Logistics: Inadequate port, rail and road facilities
Major foodcrops: Roots, tubers, maize, plantains
Marketing year: April/March; Lean season: January-April
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 35 percent


CURRENT SITUATION

Rains started during the second dekad of September covering all parts of the country in October and becoming heavy in early November with serious mud-slides reported in the central province of Kwanza-Sul. In general, rains have favoured plantings of the 1995/96 cereal crops, now at emerging or vegetative stages. Given the current relative peace across the country, it is anticipated that more area will come under cultivation this year compared to previous years.

Following a below average cereal output in 1994/95, the food security situation remains of serious concern, particularly in southern provinces. The cereal import requirement is estimated at 560 000 tons, including 200 000 tons of commercial imports. Of the 235 000 tons of food aid pledged by donors, 166 000 tons have been delivered so far. Prices of maize, at both wolesale and retail levels continue to increase.

In the UN-organized Round Table Conference in September 1995 on the reconstruction of Angola donors pledged a total of U.S.$ 993 million including U.S.$ 786 million for rehabilitation and development programmes in 1996-97 and U.S.$ 207 million for humanitarian aid. With three-fourths of the population dependent on farming, one of the first priorities is to restore production of foodcrops like millet, cassava, sorghum and beans. Another priority is the rehabilitation of infrastructure since it is estimated that up to 90 percent of the country's basic infrastructure was destroyed or seriously damaged during the 20-year civil war. As a result, distribution of fertilizers by roads continues to be nearly impossible while air transport of fertilizers is very costly.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1995/96 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal production 3 2 330 335
Normal imports (incl. re-exports) 110 100 90 300
of which: Structural food aid 20 15 60 95
1995 Production 3 5 265 273
1995 Utilization 183 125 525 833
Food use 183 125 484 792
of which: Local purchase requirements - - 3 3
Non-food use - - 41 41
1995/96 Import Requirement 180 120 260 560
Anticipated commercial imports 80 60 60 200
Food aid needs 100 60 200 360
of which: Emergency - - 130 130
Current Aid Position
Food aid pledges 34 7 194 235
of which: Delivered 1 3 162 166
Estimated per caput consumption (kg/year) 17 12 45 74
Indexes
1995 production as % of normal: 81
1995/96 import requirement as % of normal: 187
1995/96 food aid requirement as % of normal (including refugee needs): 379

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