Africa report

BURUNDI

Area: 26 000 sq.km
Climate: Highland rainy climate with moderate temperature (200C); two rainy seasons (Feb.-May and Sept.-Nov.)
Population: 6 million (1995 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 180 (1993)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; land-locked country
Logistics: Ports: Mombasa (Kenya) and Dar es Salaam (Tanzania); rail and road connections inadequate
Major foodcrops: Pulses, plantains, roots, tubers, maize and sorghum
Marketing year: January/December; Lean season: November-December
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 34 percent


CURRENT SITUATION

Harvesting of the 1996 first season food crops is about to start. Despite mostly favourable weather conditions during the season, prospects remains unfavourable reflecting renewed political violence. Fresh waves of population displacement have resulted in large agricultural areas in the North-west provinces left uncultivated, while insecurity also prevented appropriate crop husbandry negatively affecting yield potential. An FAO/WFP Mission earlier in the year estimated the 1995 aggregate food production at 3.6 million tons, higher than in the previous year mainly reflecting good weather. However, there is still a substantial deficit to be covered by food aid.

The food situation continues to be tight for large number of displaced people living in camps, and dispersed people in villages and the country side with limited or no access to their fields, mostly in the northern provinces and around the capital city Bujumbura. Substantial food assistance will continue to be required for these population during 1996.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1995 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal production 7 27 253 287
Normal imports (incl. re-exports) 20 2 7 29
of which: Structural food aid - - - -
1995 Production 9 23 247 279
1995 Utilization 29 25 278 332
Food use 28 23 250 301
of which: local purchase requirements - (3) - (3)
Non-food use 1 2 28 31
1995 Import Requirement 20 2 31 53
Anticipated commercial imports 20 2 9 31
Food aid needs - - 22 22
Current Aid Position
Food aid pledges 4 2 19 25
of which: Delivered - 2 10 12
Donor-financed local purchases - 3 - 3
Estimated per caput consumption (kg/year) 4 5 37 46
Indexes
1995 production as % of normal: 97
1996 import requirement as % of normal: 183
1996 food aid requirement as % of normal (including refugee needs): -

TOC