Africa report

DJIBOUTI

Area: 23 000 sq.km
Climate: Arid climate
Population: 0.51 million (1995 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 950 (1990)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country
Logistics: Djibouti is one of the three gateways of Ethiopia
Major foodcrops: Vegetables
Marketing year: January/December
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: n.a.


CURRENT SITUATION

The main agricultural activity is livestock, and the country is entirely dependent on imports, mostly commercial, for cereal consumption. There are a substantial number of refugees in the country receiving international assistance. Cereal import needs in 1995 amount to 115 000 tons (including re-exports). Food aid is estimated at 11 000 tons.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1995 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

1995 Production Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal production - - - -
Normal imports (incl. re-exports) 26 32 2 60
of which: Structural food aid 10 7 1 18
1995 Production - - - -
1995 Utilization 64 51 - 115
Food use 36 36 - 72
Non-food use - 1 - 1
Re-exports 19 14 - 33
Refugees needs 9 - - 9
1995 Import Requirement 64 51 - 115
Anticipated commercial imports 55 49 - 104 1/
Food aid needs 9 2 - 11
of which: Refugee needs 9 - - 9
Current Aid Position
Food aid pledges 17 5 1 23
of which: Delivered 16 5 1 22
Donor-financed local purchases - 1 - 1
Estimated per caput consumption (kg/year) 54 59 3 116
Indexes
1995 production as % of normal: -
1995 import requirement as % of normal: 192
1995 food aid requirement as % of normal (including refugee needs): 61

1/ Includes 33 000 tons of re-exports (19 000 tons of wheat and 14 000 tons of rice).


TOC