Africa report

GUINEA-BISSAU

Area: 28 000 sq.km
Climate: Tropical wet-dry; one rainy season: May-October
Population: 1.06 million (1995 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 220 (1993)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; coastal country
Logistics: Port capacity being improved; roads inadequate, particularly during the rainy season; river transport important
Major foodcrops: Rice, coarse grains, oils and fats, roots and tubers
Marketing year: January/December; Lean season: May-August
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 64 percent


CURRENT SITUATION

An FAO/CILSS Crop Assessment Mission at the end of October, estimated total 1995/96 cereal production (including rice in paddy equivalent) at 200 500 tons compared to 190 500 tons in 1994/95, an increase of over 4 percent and a record. Estimated at 133 000 tons, rice production increased by some 2 percent, while minor cereal crops increased by some 14 percent, reflecting generally well-distributed rainfall.

Following this record crop, the overall food supply situation is satisfactory. Markets are well supplied and prices are decreasing with the arrival of fresh products on the market. Cereal imports for domestic use and re-exports in 1995 are estimated at 70 000 tons, mostly rice. The structural food aid requirement, estimated at 7 000 tons, is almost fully covered by donor pledges and deliveries.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1995 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal production - 81 49 130
Normal imports 10 60 - 70
of which: Structural food aid 2 6 - 8
1995 Domestic availability - 84 55 139
1994 Production - 84 49 133
Possible stock drawdown - - 6 6
1995 Utilization 10 144 55 209
Food use 10 114 45 169
Non-food use - 20 10 30
(Re)exports - 10 1/ - 10
1995/96 Import Requirement 10 60 2/ - 70
Anticipated commercial imports 8 55 - 63
Food aid needs 2 5 - 7
Current Aid Position
Food aid pledges 1 4 1 6
of which: Delivered 1 - 1 2
Estimated per caput consumption (kg/year) 9 107 43 159
Indexes
1994 production as % of normal: 102
1995 import requirement as % of normal: 100
1995 food aid requirement as % of normal 88

1/ Re-exports (5 000 tons) and cross border trade (5 000 tons) with neighbouring countries.

2/ Includes 5 000 tons of re-exports.


TOC