FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 10/96

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ANGOLA




BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Area: 1 247 000 sq.km
Climate: Coastal desert, south-west semi-arid, rest tropical wet-dry, with rains in Sept.-April
Population: 11.07 million (1996 estimate), G.N.P. per caput U.S.$ 970 (1990)
Specific characteristics of the country: Low-income food-deficit country; infrastructure devastated by prolonged civil strife
Logistics: Inadequate port, rail and road facilities
Major foodcrops: Roots, tubers, maize, plantains
Marketing year: April/March; Lean season: January-March
Share of cereals in total calorie intake: 35 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

Harvesting of 1996 cereal crops is complete. Aggregate production is estimated at some 500 000 tons, including 398 000 tons of maize and 102 000 tons of sorghum/millet. This is above average and 68 percent higher than last year. The production of pulses, grown either with maize or with root and tuber crops, is estimated to have increased by 24 percent to some 55 000 tons. Recovery in production is attributed to abundant and relatively well distributed rainfall during the growing season, the provision of tools and seeds and no serious outbreaks of pests or diseases.

Despite increased production, the food supply situation will remain tight in the 1996/97 marketing year. The cereal import requirements for 1996/97 is estimated at 442 000 tons, including 200 000 tons of commercial imports. Some 129 000 tons of cereal are required as emergency food aid for an estimated 1.375 million people. This can be covered by supplies already in the country or in the pipeline. Total food aid pledges amount to 134 000 tons so far, with deliveries standing at 74 000 tons.



CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1996/97 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total
Normal production 3 2 330 335
Normal imports (incl. re-exports) 110 100 90 300
of which: Structural food aid 20 15 60 95
1996 Production 3 5 500 508
1996 Utilization 183 55 712 950
Food use 182 55 617 854
Non-food use 1 - 87 88
Possible stock build-up - - 8 8
1996/97 Import Requirement 180 50 212 442
Anticipated commercial imports 80 30 90 200
Food aid needs 100 20 122 242
of which: Emergency 47 - 82 129
Current Aid Position



Food aid pledges 34 15 85 134
of which: Delivered 1 10 63 74
Estimated per caput consumption (kg/year) 15 4 51 70
Indexes



1996 production as % of normal: 152
1996/97 import requirement as % of normal: 147
1996/97 food aid requirement as % of normal (including refugee needs): 255

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