FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 02/97

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MALAWI

Area:

94 000 sq.km

Climate:

Tropical wet-dry climate with one rainy season (November-May)

Population

11.12 million (1996 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 220 (1993)

Specific characteristics of the country:

Low-income food-deficit country; land-locked country; importer and exporter of grain

Logistics:

Imports/exports through Beira (Mozambique) or Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)

Major foodcrops:

Maize, pulses, roots, tubers, rice

Marketing year:

April/March; Lean season: February-March

Share of cereals in total calorie intake:

70 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

Following generally dry weather conditions in October, light rains were received in November in southern and central parts of the country improving the level of soil moisture. This favoured the planting and establishment of coarse grain crops to be harvested from April. Late planted crops in the north are at early vegetative stages and reported in good condition. Red locusts originating from the border with Mozambique may threaten the 1997 crop unless strong control measures are taken.

The food supply situation in 1996/97 remains generally favourable following a good cereal and cassava harvest in 1996. Current supplies cover most of the cereal requirements including the replenishment of stocks.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1996/97 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production (rice in paddy terms)

2

35

1 330

1 367

Normal Imports

40

3

40

83

of which: Structural food aid

-

-

40

40

1996/97 Domestic Availability

2

40

1 984

2 026

1996 Production (rice in paddy terms)

2

60

1 984

2 046

1996 Production (rice in milled terms)

2

40

1 984

2 026

Possible stock drawdown

-

-

-

-

1996/97 Utilization

47

40

2 034

2 121

Food Use

47

39

1 704

1 790

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

15

15

Non-food use

-

1

175

176

Exports or Re-exports

-

-

-

-

Possible stock build up

-

-

155

155

1996/97 Import Requirement

45

-

50

95

Anticipated commercial imports

45

-

-

45

Food aid needs

-

-

50

50

Current Aid Position





Food aid pledges

40

-

19

59

of which: Delivered

-

-

3

3

Donor-financed local purchases

-

-

15

15

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

4

4

153

161

Indexes





1996 production as % of normal:




150

1996/97 import requirement as % of normal:




114

1996/97 food aid requirement as % of normal:




125


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