FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 02/97

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SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE

Area:

96 000 sq.km

Climate:

Tropical wet; rainfall increases with altitude and towards southern parts of the islands

Population:

136 000 (1996 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 330 (1993)

Specific characteristics of the country:

Low-income food-deficit country; archipelago

Logistics:

Ports and roads adequate

Major foodcrops:

Bananas, breadfruit, cocoyam

Marketing year:

January/December

Share of cereals in total calorie intake:

36 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

The staple foodcrops are roots, tubers and plantains. The country imports around 10 000 tons of wheat and rice annually. The cereal import requirement in 1997 is estimated at 11 000 tons, including some 5 000 tons as food aid.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1997 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production (rice in paddy terms)

-

-

-

-

Normal Imports

4

5

2

11

of which: Structural food aid

1

1

2

4

1997 Domestic Availability

-

-

-

-

1996 Production (rice in paddy terms)

-

-

-

-

1996 Production (rice in milled terms)

-

-

-

-

Possible stock drawdown

-

-

-

-

1997 Utilization

4

5

2

11

Food Use

4

5

2

11

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

-

-

Non-food use

-

-

-

-

Exports or Re-exports

-

-

-

-

Possible stock build up

-

-

-

-

1997 Import Requirement

4

5

2

11

Anticipated commercial imports

2

3

1

6

Food aid needs

2

2

1

5

Current Aid Position




-

Food aid pledges

3

2

-

5

of which: Delivered

-

1

-

1

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

29

37

15

81

Indexes





1996 production as % of normal:




-

1997 import requirement as % of normal:




100

1997 food aid requirement as % of normal:




125


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