FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 02/97

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TOGO

Area:

54 000 sq.km

Climate:

Tropical wet-dry; two rainy seasons in south (March-June and October) and one in


north

Population:

4.27 million (1996 estimate) G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 330 (1993)

Specific characteristics of the country:

Low-income food-deficit country; coastal country

Logistics:

Ports and roads adequate; gateway to Burkina Faso and Niger

Major foodcrops:

Roots and tubers, coarse grains, fruit

Marketing year:

January/December; Lean season: April-July

Share of cereals in total calorie intake:

40 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

Rains stopped in November, marking the end of the rainy season. The harvest of the second maize crop is drawing to an end. Following abundant although irregular rainfall, the cereal output for 1996 is estimated at 500 000 tons, which is close to 1995 level and to average. The roots and tubers production is estimated at about 980 000 tons and pulses at 56 000 tons, which is about 10% higher than last year.

Markets are well supplied with the marketing of the main foodcrops. About 10 000 refugees from Ghana remain in Togo but their number has significantly reduced in 1996 following repatriation which has been encouraged by a shift in humanitarian aid policy from relief to rehabilitation (provision of seeds and money) and a reduction of food aid distributions.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1997 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production (rice in paddy terms)

-

32

460

492

Normal Imports

50

30

25

105

of which: Structural food aid

5

-

-

5

1997 Domestic Availability

-

45

463

508

1996 Production (rice in paddy terms)

-

39

463

502

1996 Production (rice in milled terms)

-

27

463

490

Possible stock drawdown

-

18

-

18

1997 Utilization

50

75

488

613

Food Use

46

54

393

493

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

-

-

Non-food use

2

6

85

93

Exports or Re-exports

2

15

10

27

Possible stock build up

-

-

-

-

1997 Import Requirement

50 1/

30 2/

25

105

Anticipated commercial imports

45

30

25

100

Food aid needs

5

-

-

5

Current Aid Position





Food aid pledges

-

-

-

-

of which: Delivered

-

-

-

-

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

11

12

92

115

Indexes





1996 production as % of normal:




102

1997 import requirement as % of normal:




100

1997 food aid requirement as % of normal:




100


1/ Including 2 000 tons for re-export.
2/ Including 10 000 tons for re-export.

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