FAO/GIEWS: Africa Report 02/97

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ZAMBIA

Area:

741 000 sq.km

Climate:

Tropical wet-dry, one rainy season (November-April)

Population:

9.45 million (1996 estimate); G.N.P. per caput: U.S.$ 370 (1993)

Specific characteristics of the country:

Low-income food-deficit country; land-locked country

Logistics:

Imports through Dar es Salaam (Tanzania); inadequate rail and road connections

Major foodcrops:

Maize, roots, tubers

Marketing year:

May/April; Lean season: March-May

Share of cereals in total calorie intake:

70 percent



CURRENT SITUATION

Following dry weather in October, widespread light rains were received in November, particularly in the western half of the country. This provided favourable conditions for planting and germination of the 1996/97 coarse grain crops. Parts of the east and north-east which remained dry until early December received abundant rains which encouraged large plantings of crops. Moderate to heavy rains continued in February across most parts of the country, generally benefiting crops now at late vegetative to tasseling stages.

Harvesting of the 1996 wheat is complete. Output is estimated at 60 000 tons, which is above last year's level and close to the average of the previous 5 years. Reflecting the good cereal harvest of 1996, the food supply situation is satisfactory. The government continues to issue export permits to private traders for maize exports, particularly to neighbouring countries such as Zaire and Mozambique.

CEREAL SUPPLY/DEMAND BALANCE FOR THE 1996/97 MARKETING YEAR (in thousand tons)

Wheat

Rice

Coarse grains

Total

Normal Production (rice in paddy terms)

53

14

1 348

1 415

Normal Imports

35

4

65

104

of which: Structural food aid

25

-

45

70

1996/97 Domestic Availability

60

9

1 496

1 565

1996 Production (rice in paddy terms)

60

14

1 496

1 570

1996 Production (rice in milled terms)

60

9

1 496

1 565

Possible stock drawdown

-

-

-

-

1996/97 Utilization

105

14

1 496

1 615

Food Use

100

12

1 071

1 183

of which: local purchase requirement

-

-

3

3

Non-food use

5

2

275

282

Exports or Re-exports

-

-

50

50

Possible stock build up

-

-

100

100

1996/97 Import Requirement

45

5

-

50

Anticipated commercial imports

45

5

-

50

Food aid needs

-

-

-

-

Current Aid Position





Food aid pledges

-

-

5

5

of which: Delivered

-

-

-

-

Donor-financed local purchases

-

-

3

3

Estimated Per Caput Consumption (kg/Year)

11

1

113

125

Indexes





1996 production as % of normal:




111

1996/97 import requirement as % of normal:




48

1996/97 food aid requirement as % of normal:




-


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